HomeCombat SportBrazilian Jiu Jitsu & Grappling21 terms used in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu you need to know

21 terms used in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu you need to know

21 terms used in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu you need to know


21 terms used in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu you need to know.

The most used words in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu and in ground fighting.

Today I want to tell you some terms and some of the keywords, terms and commands used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu or BJJ call it whatever you like.

Among the sports, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is certainly one of the most complete since it promotes proper neuromotor coordination and supports the harmonious development of bones, muscles and joints.
It is an art made of rites and traditions that creates a strong cohesion in the group and helps to develop self-confidence.

These are certainly the words known by practitioners but often during the internships I realize that there are people who come from other martial arts and who do not understand the meaning of many words spoken.

Clearly I’m not writing you all the terminology or techniques of the BJJ but you can find the words that help you understand if you approach this fantastic art.

21 terms used in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu you need to know.

21 terms used in the Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) you need to know and commands used:

Gi – Uniform

No-Gi – Practice or train without Gi (uniform)

Submission – Submission is when a student forces an opponent or training partner to submit through a choking or joint key, etc.

Tap Out or Tapping
– Indicates when a student or opponent of BJJ is submissive and he points to submission by knocking on the mat or on the opponent to avoid suffering joint damage or suffocation. (Better on the mate because if there is noise it can also happen that it does not hear)

Armbar – Joint key to the elbow joint of your opponent’s arm. Usually this lever causes your opponent to tap out. A specialist in the UFC today is Ronda Rousey who in the Gracie family has found great coaches and with this technique has finalized many opponents.

Back Mount or Rear Mount – This is an advantage position where a student has control of another student from behind (i.e. a student is face down with another student riding on his back).

21 terms used in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu you need to know

Break Fall – A“break your fall” technique, break your fall,that is, when it is cast, unbalanced or dropped, in the fall by a slap with your hand and arm on the ground and properly position your body to absorb the fall and reposition yourself on guard.

Bridge – It is a technical movement to “buck” throw out or unbalance an opponent who is in the mount position.

Closed Guard – When you are on your back leaning on the ground and you have your legs wrapped around your opponent’s back and your feet are stuck together.

Gi Choke – When you use your kimono or your opponent’s to apply a choking technique

Choke– When I apply a suffocation technique to my opponent to subdue it. The technique can be applied from different positions, standing, mounting, on guard, etc.

Guard Position – When a student stands with his back on the ground trying to defend himself against another student (who is above him between his legs) wrapping his legs around the opponent, or wrapping one foot and pointing the other foot on his hips.

Half Guard – A defensive position where you are on your back. One of your feet is on the inside of an opponent’s leg and the other is on the outside. From this position, many students will try to move to a guard position. There are real specialists in attacking from this intermediate position.

Mount Position
– When a student is sitting on top of another student on his chest or on his anes.

Neck Crank – A technique in which a student pulls or twists an opponent’s head in order to create neck/spinal pain. Forbidden in many competitions.

Pass – Transition from one position to another (i.e. “pass” or go to take an opponent’s advantage position in order to gain control).

Side Control – This is a position where a student controls another student from the side (i.e. one student is on the back and the other student is on top with his legs positioned out to the opponent’s side for better control). the positions of the arms that wrap and control the opponent’s body and the potion of the legs and how to carry the weight can vary.

Side control

Sweep – Get an advantage position through a technique that returns to an advantage position (There are plenty of sweeps for all positions and for the same position there are multiple possibilities). Sweeps are also defined as standing imbalances.

Take The Back – It’s the maneuverer that is able to take the position behind your opponent (or mount later).

Wrist Lock – Joint key on the wrist


Turtle – A defensive position on the ground where you enclose your arms, legs and head like a hideout of a turtle in its shell.



Now you haven’t become an expert on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu but you definitely know the terms you’ll hear thousands of times.

Clearly there are many others and also with some importance but if you are getting closer to this wonderful art or want to delve into with internships the topic struggle (which I recommend) this series of ““Much used” wordscan help you to better understand what you want and need to do.

Jiu Jitsu

Train in the art of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu!

Train in the fight on the ground.

Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport


Con una passione per la difesa personale e gli sport da combattimento, mi distinguo come praticante e fervente cultore e ricercatore sulle metodologie di allenamento e strategie di combattimento. La mia esperienza abbraccia un vasto panorama di discipline: dal dinamismo del Boxing alla precisione del Muay Thai, dalla tecnica del Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu all'energia del Grappling, dal Combat Submission Wrestling (CSW) all'intensità del Mixed Martial Arts (MMA). Non solo insegno, ma vivo la filosofia di queste arti, affinando costantemente metodi e programmi di allenamento che trascendono il convenzionale. La mia essenza si riflette nell'autodifesa: Filipino Martial Arts (FMA), Dirty Boxing, Silat, l'efficacia del Jeet Kune Do & Kali, l'arte della scherma con coltelli e bastoni, e la tattica delle armi da fuoco. Incarno la filosofia "Street Fight Mentality", un approccio senza fronzoli, diretto e strategico, unito a un "State Of Love And Trust" che bilancia l'intensità con la serenità. Oltre al tatami, la mia curiosità e competenza si spingono verso orizzonti diversi: un blogger professionista con la penna sempre pronta, un bassista dal groove inconfondibile e un artigiano del coltello, dove ogni lama è un racconto di tradizione e innovazione. Questa sinfonia di abilità non solo definisce la mia identità professionale, ma dipinge il ritratto di un individuo che nella diversità trova la sua unica e inconfondibile voce e visione. Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport! Andrea


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