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50 Essential Muay Thai Combinations

50 Essential Muay Thai Combinations50 Essential Muay Thai Combinations: Ultimate Guide to Improving Pao and Heavy Bag Technique

Muay Thai, also known as “the art of the eight hands“, is a martial art that originated centuries ago in Thailand.

Its rich history and combat effectiveness have made it one of the most respected and practiced martial arts in the world. One of the crucial aspects that separate novices from veterans in Muay Thai is the mastery of combinations.

Combinations allow practitioners to launch a series of shots in quick succession, creating an attack flow that can overwhelm the opponent and find openings in their defense.

In this post, we will explore some basic and advanced combinations that can be performed on both pao and heavy bags, to hone your technique and speed up your path to Muay Thai mastery.

In addition, we will discuss the details of each shot included in the combinations and provide tips on how to perform these combinations effectively.

Whether you’re a beginner just starting out or a veteran looking to further hone their skills, these combinations and tips will help you take your Muay Thai practice to a new level.

Creating effective combinations in Muay Thai requires an understanding of the techniques and strategies involved.

50 Essential Muay Thai Combinations


Warming up is a crucial phase before any training, especially in an intensive martial art like Muay Thai.

Here is an example of a warm-up routine that can be followed before a Muay Thai workout:

1. General heating (10-15 minutes):

  • Light Running: 5-10 minutes of light running or jumping rope to increase your heart rate and prepare your body for training.
  • Jumping Jacks: 1 minute of jumping jacks to continue warming up the body.
  • High Knees: 1 minute of high knees, bringing your knees as high as possible.

2. Joint mobilization (5-10 minutes):

  • Neck rotations: Make neck rotations in both directions to loosen the neck.
  • Shoulder rotations: Rotate your shoulders forward and backward to loosen your shoulders.
  • Hip rotations: Perform hip rotations in both directions to loosen the hips.
  • Knee rotations: Rotate your knee in both directions to loosen your knees.
  • Ankle rotations: Make ankle rotations in both directions to loosen the ankles.

3. Dynamic Stretching (5-10 minutes):

  • Swinging Legs: Suspend one hand to one support and swing the other leg back and forth, then sideways.
  • Walking Lunges: Make forward lunges by walking through the training area.
  • Arm Circles: Make circles with your arms in both directions.
  • Hip Circles: Make circles with your hips in both directions.

4. Basic Muay Thai Techniques (5-10 minutes):

  • Shadow Boxing: 5-10 minutes of shadow boxing, focusing on smooth movements and precise technique. This will help to further warm up the body and prepare you for Muay Thai training.

5. Specific Heating Drills for Muay Thai (optional, 5-10 minutes):

  • Light Roundhouse Kicks: Perform light, controlled pao or bag kicks to warm up your legs and hips.
  • Punching Drills: Perform combinations of light punches to the pao or sack to warm up the upper body.

This warm-up routine is designed to prepare your body and mind for intense Muay Thai training. Remember, it is essential not to rush the warm-up and make sure you are fully warmed up to avoid injury during training.

6. Core Strengthening (5 minutes):

  • Plank: Hold the board position for 30-60 seconds to activate the core muscles.
  • Russian Twists: Perform 20-30 Russian twists to work on the oblique muscles.
  • Mountain Climbers: Perform mountain climbers for 1 minute to increase your heart rate and strengthen your core.

7. Mental Preparation (2-3 minutes):

  • Take a few minutes to center your mind. Breathe deeply and visualize your training session. This can help you get into the right training mindset.

8. Agility Drills (5 minutes):

  • Ladder Drills: Perform various agility exercises using an agility scale to improve your speed and coordination.
  • Cone Drills: Set a few cones and practice quick, sharp movements around cones to improve agility and responsiveness.

9. Technical preparation (5-10 minutes):

  • Basic Techniques: Review some of the basic Muay Thai techniques with a partner or coach, such as jabs, crosses, kicks and elbows. This can be done at a reduced speed to emphasize the correct form and technique.

10. Hydrate & Equipment Check:

  • Make sure you’re well hydrated and check your equipment to make sure everything is in good condition before you start your main workout.

After completing this full warm-up, your body and mind should be ready to tackle Muay Thai training.

Each warm-up phase is crucial to ensure a safe and effective training session.

Remember, the quality of your warm-up can have a significant impact on the quality of your workout.

Muay Thai

50 Essential Muay Thai Combinations

These combinations include punching, kicking, elbowing and kneeling, whichare the four groups of techniques in Muay Thai:

  1. Jab, Cross, Low Kick.
  2. Jab, Hook, Cross, Low Kick.
  3. Jab, Cross, Hook, Low Kick.
  4. Jab, Cross, Middle Kick.
  5. Jab, Cross, High Kick.
  6. Jab, Hook, Cross, High Kick.
  7. Cross, Hook, Cross, Low Kick.
  8. Cross, Hook, Cross, Middle Kick.
  9. Cross, Hook, Cross, High Kick.
  10. Jab, Uppercut, Cross, Low Kick.
  11. Jab, Uppercut, Cross, Middle Kick.
  12. Jab, Uppercut, Cross, High Kick.
  13. Hook, Cross, Hook, Low Kick.
  14. Hook, Cross, Hook, Middle Kick.
  15. Hook, Cross, Hook, High Kick.
  16. Uppercut, Hook, Cross, Low Kick.
  17. Uppercut, Hook, Cross, Middle Kick.
  18. Uppercut, Hook, Cross, High Kick.
  19. Jab, Cross, Uppercut, Low Kick.
  20. Jab, Cross, Uppercut, Middle Kick.
  21. Jab, Cross, Uppercut, High Kick.
  22. Jab, Cross, Hook, Uppercut.
  23. Jab, Cross, Hook, Elbow.
  24. Jab, Cross, Elbow, Knee.
  25. Jab, Cross, Knee, Low Kick.
  26. Cross, Hook, Knee, Low Kick.
  27. Cross, Hook, Knee, Middle Kick.
  28. Cross, Hook, Knee, High Kick.
  29. Hook, Cross, Elbow, Knee.
  30. Hook, Cross, Elbow, Low Kick.
  31. Uppercut, Hook, Elbow, Low Kick.
  32. Uppercut, Hook, Elbow, Middle Kick.
  33. Uppercut, Hook, Elbow, High Kick.
  34. Jab, Hook, Uppercut, Low Kick.
  35. Jab, Hook, Uppercut, Middle Kick.
  36. Jab, Hook, Uppercut, High Kick.
  37. Cross, Hook, Uppercut, Low Kick.
  38. Cross, Hook, Uppercut, Middle Kick.
  39. Cross, Hook, Uppercut, High Kick.
  40. Jab, Cross, Switch Kick.
  41. Jab, Cross, Spinning Back Kick.
  42. Jab, Cross, Spinning Back Fist.
  43. Jab, Cross, Spinning Elbow.
  44. Cross, Hook, Spinning Back Kick.
  45. Cross, Hook, Spinning Back Fist.
  46. Cross, Hook, Spinning Elbow.
  47. Hook, Cross, Spinning Back Kick.
  48. Hook, Cross, Spinning Back Fist.
  49. Hook, Cross, Spinning Elbow.
  50. Jab, Cross, Teep Kick.

Remember to perform these combinations with the correct form and technique, and consider working with an experienced trainer to get feedback and improve your Muay Thai skill.


Here is a brief explanation of the various shots mentioned in the Muay Thai combinations I provided:

  1. Jab (Direct):
    • A quick and direct blow launched with the front hand towards the opponent’s face.
  2. Cross (Direct Rear):
    • A powerful punch thrown from the back hand through the body towards the opponent.
  3. Hook:
    • A punch thrown in a horizontal circular motion, aimed at the head or body of the opponent.
  4. Uppercut:
    • A punch thrown in an upward movement, often aimed at the opponent’s chin.
  5. Low Kick:
    • A kick aimed at the opponent’s legs, often in the thigh or knee.
  6. Middle Kick:
    • A kick aimed at the opponent’s body, often at the hips or ribs.
  7. High Kick:
    • A kick aimed at the head of the opponent.
  8. Elbow:
    • A blow made with the elbow, which can be thrown in various directions (e.g., sideways, bottoms, ups).
  9. Knee:
    • A blow made with the knee, which can be thrown forward or sideways towards the opponent’s body or head.
  10. Switch Kick:
    • A kick in which you quickly change the position of the legs before throwing a kick with the leg that was initially ahead.
  11. Spinning Back Kick:
    • A powerful kick made by turning the body and throwing a backward kick towards the opponent.
  12. Spinning Back Fist:
    • A blow made by turning the body and throwing a fist backwards towards the opponent.
  13. Spinning Elbow:
    • An elbow made by turning the body and throwing a backward elbow blow towards the opponent.
  14. Teep Kick:
    • A pushing frontal kick, used to keep distance or unbalance the opponent.

These shots represent the basic techniques of Muay Thai and can be combined in many ways to create effective combinations.


Performing combinations in Muay Thai requires practice, coordination and a good understanding of basic techniques.

Here are some guidelines on how to perform combinations:

1. Plan the Sequence:

  • Before performing a combination, plan the sequence of shots. Make sure you know what shots you’re going to throw and in what order.

2. Correct positioning:

  • Maintain a stable and balanced position while performing each shot. Your weight should be distributed equally between your legs.

3. Breathing:

  • Breathe correctly while doing the combination. Exhale with each stroke and inhale as you prepare for the next shot.

4. Relaxation:

  • Relax and do not stiffen. Relaxed muscles will allow you to move faster and with greater fluidity.

Speed and Power

  • Practice combinations slowly at first to learn the correct technique, then gradually increase speed and power.

6. Body Rotation:

  • Use your body’s rotation to generate power, especially in shots like crosses, hooks, and kicks.

7. Correct technique:

  • Be sure to perform each shot with the correct technique. This includes proper alignment of hands and legs, and face protection.

8. Correct aim:

  • Aim for the right targets. For example, when throwing a jab or cross, aim at the center of the bag or the opponent’s face in pao.

9. Return to the Guard:

  • After each shot, quickly return to the guard position to protect yourself and prepare for the next blow.

10. Variation:

  • Vary your combinations so as not to become predictable. He alternates between high and low blows, and between punch blows and kicks.

Example of Execution of the “Jab, Cross, Low Kick” Combination:

  1. Start in a stable guard position with your hands raised and your feet shoulder-width apart.
  2. Throw a quick jab with your front hand towards the target, turning your fist slightly so that your thumb is pointing down.
  3. As you retract your front hand, launch a powerful cross with your rear hand, rotating your body and back foot to generate power.
  4. While retracting your rear hand, throw a low kick with your back leg towards your opponent’s leg, rotating your body and support foot to generate power.
  5. Quickly return to the guard position after the low kick to protect yourself from any counterattacks.

Practicing with an experienced partner or coach can provide valuable feedback to improve your combination execution and overall Muay Thai skill.

knockout Miscellaneous

Bonus: Combinations used during the most effective matches to knock out

Stroke combinations in Muay Thai can vary enormously from one wrestler to another, and what works well for one individual may not work as well for another.
However, some combinations are known for their effectiveness in creating opportunities for a KO (Knockout).
These combinations often capitalize on a series of shots that aim to break the opponent’s guard, followed by powerful shots aimed at vulnerable targets .

Here are some combinations of blows commonly used to try to get a KO:

  1. Jab, Cross, Hook, Low Kick:
    • This combination aims to distract the opponent with blows to the face before hitting the leg hard with a low kick.
  2. Cross, Hook, Cross, High Kick:
    • A classic combination that uses punch strikes to open the opponent’s guard, followed by a high kick aimed at the head.
  3. Jab, Cross, Liver Shot:
    • A blow to the liver can be devastating and can lead to a KO if performed correctly.
  4. Cross, Hook, Knee Strike:
    • This combination uses punch blows to get closer, followed by a powerful knee.
  5. Jab, Cross, Elbow Strike:
    • Elbow strikes are extremely powerful and can cause a KO if they hit the opponent’s head.
  6. Cross, Uppercut, Hook:
    • This combination aims to hit the opponent from different angles, creating the opportunity for a knockout blow.
  7. Jab, Overhand Right:
    • The overhand right is a powerful blow that can lead to a KO if it hits the right target.
  8. Hook, Cross, High Kick:
    • A combination that uses punch blows to create an opening for a high kick aimed at the head.
  9. Jab, Cross, Spinning Elbow:
    • An elbow spinning is an advanced technique that can be very effective if done correctly.
  10. Cross, Hook, Head Kick:
    • This combination aims to confuse the opponent with punch blows before throwing a powerful kick to the head.

These combinations must be practiced regularly in training to be effective in combat.

It is also important to note that the execution of these combinations may vary depending on your opponent and the combat situation.

Working with an experienced trainer can help you perfect your technique and develop effective strategies for combat.

50 Essential Muay Thai Combinations


Through diligent practice and exploration of combinations in Muay Thai, each practitioner has the opportunity to hone their skills and advance on their martial path.

The combinations discussed in this post offer fertile ground for exploring the dynamics between power, speed, and technique, all crucial components of this ancient martial art.

However, true mastery in Muay Thai goes beyond knowledge of combinations; It is a journey of personal discovery, discipline and continuous learning.

Remember, the key to excelling in Muay Thai, as in any other martial art, lies in constant practice, receiving constructive feedback from experienced trainers, and a willingness to remain an eternal student of the art.

Every training session, every shot, and every moment spent refining your combinations brings you one step closer to mastery.

So, put on your gloves, warm up your body, and enter the sacred space of the dojo with determination and an open heart, ready to learn and grow.

The Muay Thai path is long and challenging, but the rewards of self-discipline, resilience and martial competence are incomparable.

Stay Tuned!

Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport

Con una passione per la difesa personale e gli sport da combattimento, mi distinguo come praticante e fervente cultore e ricercatore sulle metodologie di allenamento e strategie di combattimento. La mia esperienza abbraccia un vasto panorama di discipline: dal dinamismo del Boxing alla precisione del Muay Thai, dalla tecnica del Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu all'energia del Grappling, dal Combat Submission Wrestling (CSW) all'intensità del Mixed Martial Arts (MMA). Non solo insegno, ma vivo la filosofia di queste arti, affinando costantemente metodi e programmi di allenamento che trascendono il convenzionale. La mia essenza si riflette nell'autodifesa: Filipino Martial Arts (FMA), Dirty Boxing, Silat, l'efficacia del Jeet Kune Do & Kali, l'arte della scherma con coltelli e bastoni, e la tattica delle armi da fuoco. Incarno la filosofia "Street Fight Mentality", un approccio senza fronzoli, diretto e strategico, unito a un "State Of Love And Trust" che bilancia l'intensità con la serenità. Oltre al tatami, la mia curiosità e competenza si spingono verso orizzonti diversi: un blogger professionista con la penna sempre pronta, un bassista dal groove inconfondibile e un artigiano del coltello, dove ogni lama è un racconto di tradizione e innovazione. Questa sinfonia di abilità non solo definisce la mia identità professionale, ma dipinge il ritratto di un individuo che nella diversità trova la sua unica e inconfondibile voce e visione. Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport! Andrea


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