Muay Thai terminology
Today we hear a lot about Muay Thay to the point that he seems to be experiencing a second youth perhaps also for the wide use of his techniques used in MMA competitions and for the completeness of the technical baggage in stricking where there is, unlike Kickboxing, a wide use of elbows and knees integrated into the famous clinch.
Meaning of the word Muay Thai
The word Muay means “fight”,“boxing”,or even “fight“, and is a word that comes from the Sanskrit Mavya which means “unite together”.
The word Thai is instead an adjective of national origin, whose original meaning is “free people”.
The term Muay Thai can be translated with different terms such as “fight/boxing/Thai fight/fight” or “Thai fight”.
In English it is often translated as “thai boxing” or Thai boxing and sometimes this generates confusion because it is thought to be a difference between muay thai and Thai boxing, with the latter being a Western regulatory variant.
In fact the two terms are synonyms, they indicate the same discipline.
A muay thai practitioner is known as Nak Muay.
Western practitioners are sometimes called Nak Muay Farang,which means “foreign boxer”
The art of Muay Thai
Muay Thai (thai มวยไทย),also known as Thai boxing, Thai boxing or Thai boxing,is a martial art and full contact combat sport that has its origins in Mae Mai Muay Thai (Muay Boran), an ancient Thai wrestling technique.
Muay Thai a wide range of standing percussion strokes and clinch techniques but the discipline is also known as “the art of the eight weapons” or “the science of the eight limbs” because it allows the two contenders who challenge each other to use combinations of punches, kicks, elbows and knees.
So eight body parts used as points of contact compared to the two of boxing, or the four of kick boxing, with an intense athletic and mental preparation that makes the difference in full contact matches.
The original muay thai became popular in the 16th century at home, but only spread internationally in the 20th century, after some regulatory changes and when several Thai boxers successfully confronted representatives of various martial arts.
The only International Muay Thai Federation recognized by the IOC is the I.F.M.A. (International Federation of Muay Thai Amateurs).
I want to provide you with diagrams with maps to help you better store and view shots:
Nak Muay – Student of Muay Thai
Nak Su – Muay Thai Warrior
Kru – master
Ajarn – GrandMaster
Ian Tao – move in a generic way
Kum Chum – chin tilt (tilting rhythm)
Phasom Muay – displacements on the front axis
Kom Muay Kee – attack/defence combinations
Chap-Kor – fight (clinch) basic techniques
Ram Muay – ritual dance
Bang – block
Bang Nok – crossroads
Lom – dodge from high kick
Seub – space travel
Ian Sam Kum
Den Muay – shifts on the side axis
Wiang – projections
Ti Lop – dodge with left or right torso rotation
Lop Chark – dodge with 45-degree exit step
Sam Kum – cross movements (steps)
Seua Yang – rotating shifts with changing of guard
Tae Arm Tap – Warrior’s Step
Mah Yong – horse’s step
Narai Kwang Chak – punches in rotation
Kwang Chak Narai – side whipped fist
Way Saubadeekap – greeting before training or meeting (This is for men)
Way Saubadeekaa – greeting before training or meeting (This is for women)
Yaeb – direct punch with advanced arm
Mahd Trogng – direct punch with step
Mahd Kohk – fist hook
Mahd Suhy – strut punch
Mahd Wiang – fist with descending trajectory
Mahd Tawad – fist hook wide
Grabob cho – jumped fist
Kao Trong Neb – knee in direct front line body
Kao Trong Kor – knee in the direct front line to the head
Kao Kee – side knee
Kao Kratai – direct front knee to thigh (low line)
Kao Cheng – diagonal knee
Kao Kone – side knee with loading
Kao Laa – circular knee (knee technique)
Kao Thad – circular knee (tibia technique)
Kao Loy – flying knee
Kao Lod – kneeling in push “stop kick” in fight
Kao Ku – double knee
Sok Dtad – horizontal circular elbow
Sok Cheng – diagonal ascending elbow
Sok Gnad – elbow ascending vertical
Sok Dti – horizontal descending elbow
Sok Sab – elbow vertical descending
Sok Pung – elbowed in frontal percussion
Sok Gratong – vertical elbow ascending
Sok Ku – elbow double
Sok Glab – elbow shot
Sok Glab Fan Lang – elbow turned descending
Sok Glab Quan Lang – elbow shot horizontal
Sok Glab Iak Lang – elbow turned ascending
Sok Kwang – spiral elbow
Ramasun Kwang Kwarn – elbowed jumped descending with grip
Rusei Bodi Hac – elbow jumped descending without grip
Monto Nung Tak – elbow turned jumped descending
Pak Tai Toi – elbowed descendant return from sok cheng
Tae Kaa – low circular kick
Tae Laa – low circular kick parallel to the ground
Tae Lam Tua – medium circular kick
Tae Ken Kor – circular kick to the head
Tae Cheng Kaa – diagonal kick ascending bass
Tae Cheng Lam Tua – medium ascending diagonal kick
Tae Chang Kor – diagonal kick ascending to the head
Tae Tawad Kaa – low descending circular kick
Tae Tawad Lam Tua – circular kick descending to the body (medium)
Tae Tawad Kor – descending circular kick to the head (high)
Tae Tien Pai Laa – bass ascending kick
Tae Tien Pai Lam Tua – medium ascending kick (to the body)
Tae Tien Pai Kor – high ascending kick (to the face)
Tae Quad Torani – low circular kick on the calf
Tae Tawad Quad Torani – low circular kick on the descending calf
Tae Trong – direct circular kick
Tae Thad – low circular kick in incidence
Tip – front kick
Tip Kaang – side kick with advanced leg
Tip Viroon – front kick to the thigh
Tip Grab Lang – direct back kick (Kwang Lieu Lang)
Tae Grab Lang – Circular Kick Shot Backwards (Jarakee Fad Hang)
Grabob Tae Lam Tua – missed circular kick
Grabob Tae Songkram – circular dragon kick
Batha Loob Pak – axe kick (directed with whipped movement)
Lom Khun Thuan – vertical football shot
Knowing the names of the techniques although it may appear as something is not fundamental is actually a way to memorize the techniques that you should not underestimate.
Check your technical baggage!