- 1 Coronavirus: directions and behaviors to follow
- 1.1 Prevent infection by following a few simple rules
- 1.1.1 1. Wash your hands often
- 1.1.2 2. Avoid close contact with people suffering from acute respiratory infections
- 1.1.3 3. Don’t touch your eyes, nose and mouth with your hands
- 1.1.4 4. Cover your mouth and nose if you sneeze or cough
- 1.1.5 5. Do not take antiviral drugs or antibiotics unless prescribed by your doctor
- 1.1.6 6. Clean surfaces with chlorine-based or alcohol-based disinfectants
- 1.1.7 7. Use the mask only if you suspect you are sick or assist sick people
- 1.1.9 8. MADE IN CHINA products and packages received from China are not dangerous
- 1.1.10 9. Pets do not spread the new coronavirus
- 1.1.11 10. Contact the 1500 toll-free number for more information
- 1.1.13 Conclusions
- 1.2 Disinfecting hands
- 1.4 Disinfect surfaces
- 1.1 Prevent infection by following a few simple rules
Off Topics – Coronavirus Self Defence but somehow also the Expert Fighting Team wants to make a small contribution to this situation that is affecting Italy but not only.
Beyond the directions you will read later in the post useful to preserve you and the people around you, one of the important things is behavior and respect for other people, you are fighter for yourself but this time you have to be for others as well.
Those who are younger should not wander around wandering among the aperitifs and speeches that can be postponed that you often feel the same for years but respect the weakest and oldest people.
Instead of getting the elderly or people in need to do the shopping or other necessities help them and make these commissions for them.
You have to think that if there is only one bed in the hospital and they have to choose between you and an elderly person they give it to you and so even if you are less exposed to serious risks, around you you have elderly neighbors, with some problem, etc. and you have to understand that it is not a game and you have to respect them too.
Now it’s not hard to stay at home for a few days with such an emergency having internet, TV, netflix,youtube, smartphones , etc. but I also hope some books and do not play the part of the “half saw” since many of our grandparents have made war for 8 years and nothing but stay in the house.
We need responsibility, we need awareness!
A slogan has come out that is #iorestoacasa which means attention not only to yourself but also to the people around you.
So staying home is an important message.
For some it is already normal, for his civic education, for his morals, but this event must also be a life lesson.
Prove you’re a fighter, for someone you can be a real super hero, don’t miss this opportunity to look into the eyes of the people around you.
Ask what they need!
I have written you a few notes and advice that many of you now know but that it is always better to reiterate in the rest of the post.
Let this event make us reflect a lot on the last decades of this country that need more responsibility and to really look for what it is if it really wants to be the Italy that we often imagine and that unfortunately is very far from the reality that we often believe or that is told to us!
What is it
The Coronavirus identified in Wuhan, China, for the first time at the end of 2019 is a new viral strain that has not previously been identified in humans.
It has been called SARS-CoV-2 and the respiratory disease that causes Covid-19.
What are the symptoms?
Like other respiratory diseases, the new coronavirus can cause mild symptoms such as colds, sore throats, coughs and fever, or more severe symptoms such as pneumonia and breathing difficulties.
What to do in case of symptoms
Those who experience flu symptoms or respiratory problems should not go to the emergency room, but should call the unique number that varies for each region and that will evaluate each individual situation and explain what to do.
For general information call 1500, the public utility number activated by the Ministry of Health.
Does the new coronavirus affect only older people or even the youngest?
The people most susceptible to severe forms are the elderly and those with chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.
The regions have activated all necessary preventive measures and the regional task force is working closely with the Ministry of Health and Civil Protection.
The Lombardy Region and the Government have in concert issued some extraordinary preventive measures for municipalities that fall under the so-called “red zone”.
For the rest of Italy, however, the provisions contained in a subsequent ordinance apply, which, among other things, provides for the suspension of events of any kind, the closure of schools of all order and grade, the suspension of openness to the public for museums and cinemas and the closure of certain commercial activities on certain days and times.
Read more about the specifics of your region or municipality.
Prevent infection by following a few simple rules
Keep at least a meter away from other people, especially when they cough or sneeze or have a fever, because the virus is contained in saliva droplets and can be transmitted at close range.
The virus is mainly transmitted respiratoryly, but can also enter the body through the eyes, nose and mouth, so avoid touching them with unwashed hands.
Your hands can come into contact with surfaces contaminated with the virus and transmit it to your body.
At present, there is no scientific evidence that the use of antiviral drugs prevents infection with new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).
Antibiotics do not work against viruses, but only against bacteria.
SARS-CoV-2 is, in fact, a virus and therefore antibiotics are not used as a means of prevention or treatment, unless bacterial co-infections take over.
At the moment, there is no evidence that pets such as cats and dogs can be infected with the virus.
However, it is always good to wash your hands with soap and water after contact with pets.
The Ministry of Health has activated the number of public utilities 1500.
For more information, please see the questions and answers from the Ministry of Health or call the public utility number 1500.
Institutional sources and further investigation
For all updates on measures taken to contain the spread of Coronavirus – Codiv 19, it is recommended that citizens, companies, entities and operators to stick exclusively to official sources,so as not to generate confusion and dissemination of untrue news.
For people, businesses, entities and operators residing and/or operating in the territory of Lombardy, the websites and social profiles to be consulted are as follows:
- Ministry of Health
- Presidency of the Council of Ministers
- Department of Civil Protection
- MIUR: Ministry of Education, University and Research
- World Health Organization
SOCIAL #COVID19 PROFILES
Ministry of Health
Presidency of the Council of Ministers
Department of Civil Protection
MIUR: Ministry of Education, University and Research
On the world health organization’s website, the map is published that allows you to view and track – almost in real time – the reported cases, indicated with a red dot.
The map is developed by a group of scientists from Johns Hopkins University in Maryland.
The data is collected from various sources, including: the World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Ecdc China, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) and others.
I also want to provide you with the recipe for making Amuchina at home: the recipe for preparing it at home of the World Health Organization
Designed for countries where medicines are lacking and supplies are difficult, here are the WHO’s recipes for disinfecting things, environments and handsCoronavirus, recipe of the amuchina for hands and surfaces
We begin immediately to say that the amuchina is the commercial name given by a company to a series of disinfectant products based on
- sodium hypochlote – in NaClO chemistry –
diluted in water, in various percentages, depending on the different uses.
We all know that within hours of thecoronavirus alarm,in Italy the commercial product has started to run out,reappearing every now and then at stratospheric costs and only for the lucky few.
So how do you disinfect surfaces and hands?
The answer is given by the WHO, the World Health Organization that has long investigated how to combat the spread of viruses, spores and bacteria in countries where – for different reasons – it is difficult or impossible to supply specific sanitary products.
The hand-specific amuchin is nothing more than a gel based on ethyl alcohol in solution (i.e. diluted) at least at 75.
Warning: to be really effective ethyl alcohol should not be used pure, but diluted in water in percentage not less than 75 and on clean hands, free of fouling of any kind or layers of greed, and dry.
Here is the WHO recipe for 1 litre of hand sanitizer:
- 833ml ethyl alcohol at 96
- 42ml oxygenated water at 3
- 15 ml of glycerin (glycerol, available at the pharmacy for a few euros) at 98
- water or boiled water and cooled to 1 litre.
It is stored in a plastic or glass bottle, to be covered well.
As mentioned, the WHO has determined that Ethyl Alcohol should not be in a percentage below 75 and that it acts better diluted in water. Glycerin is in the recipe because it serves to increase the density of the product by preventing it from slipping away from the hands, without being able to explain its disinfectant effect. Oxygenated water is used to eliminate any bacterial spores not killed by alcohol.
Warning: quickly passing the product on your hands is not enough for proper disinfection. The Ministry of Health explains that proper hand hygiene requires that you devote yourself to this operation
- no less than 40-60 seconds if you opted to wash with soap and water
- no less than 30-40 seconds if you have instead opted for the use of alcohol-based sanitizers such as that of the recipe
Frequent and prolonged use also does not do well, because it can cause dry skin and, above all, could promote the development of resistance in bacteria, increasing the risk of infection.
Amuchina, like other specific products for disinfecting surfaces, contains sodium hypochlote. As indicated by our Ministry of Health, to disinfect floors, shelves, toilets and shelves is perfect a solution based on sodium hypochlorate at 1: it means 99 of water and 1 of banal bleach,as sodium hypochloride is commonly called for its bleaching power, as well as fungal, sporacide and virucida.
Sodiumhypochlote is the sodium salt of hypochlorous acid. Its chemical formula is NaClO.
Diluted varieally from about 1 to 25 in watery solution, of straw-yellow color and characteristic penetrating smell, it is known in common use as bleaching and disinfectant, with the following names:
- bleach,from the verb bleach,which means to make white, white,used to cleanse, disinfect sanitary and floors, bleach, whiten or bleach uncolored fabrics and clothing.
- varichina, varechina, varechina or varecchina,from the French varech,algae from which the soda was obtained.
- Amuchina (commercial name of Angelini) in a more diluted solution, is used as a food disinfectant; it was invented by Oronzio De Nora, a chemical engineer originally from Altamura.
- Nengine or nitorina, used especially in northern Italy, especially in Romagna, whose meaning is to make it shiny,that is, sharp, clear, clean, white.
- water or wateracquit,used mainly in Tuscany
- snow or niveina, used in the center and south of Italy, and that means, precisely, make white as snow.
- conegrination,of uncertain etymology and Piedmont-Lombardo use.
- Labarraque water,by the chemist French who studied it, Antoine Germain Labarraque (1777-1850).
- Javel water (from French eau de Javel).
Warning: to be effective, the product should be left to act for a few minutes – from 5 to 15 – and not simply passed.
Precisely for this reason the solution of sodium hypochlote is not suitable for the hands, which could seriously irritate.