On Combat

On Combat

On Combat is a fundamental volume because it goes to unravel in depth about what happens in a real combat situation.

On combat was given to me a few years ago (its first Italian edition is from 2009) by a friend and I read and studied it several times.

It is a book that I personally like to reread because it is easy to always find extremely useful ideas for the management of such a delicate and strategic aspect as the psychology of combat and to which on the blog I gave a lot of space because it is a central aspect.

This book is based on the analysis of hundreds of cases, the consultation of countless post-action reports in the military and civil spheres, the correspondence between the author and the protagonists of dozens of fights and police actions.

The book explains the physiological and psychological dynamics of the human being while in combat, or in a state of extreme emergency, analyzing the processes of physical and mental reactions that arise from the conflict of the parasympathetic system with the sympathetic one, the distortions of spatial, temporal, visual, auditory perception, the mechanisms of defense and greater capacity that the body and brain automatically activate , and above all their combined influence on the performance of the fighter and the ability, through training and knowledge of mechanisms, to dominate, guide and turn in their favor what nature has endowed the human being for survival.

On Combat

5 Reasons You Need to Read Dave Grossman’s Book On Combat:

  • It is a book written by a person who has lived and lives in the field and not by a theorist without concrete experience.
  • It is a book written in an intense, captivating, engaging way; speaks to people’s hearts and reading it feels like you’re in training with the author.
  • It shows examples of many real-life cases, practical examples, lived stories that allow you to get into the situation
  • It goes to explain in a simple and scientific way what happens in people’s heads in the face of a deadly threat and how to prepare to improve their ability to react.
  • Explain what to do first (training, very useful for all instructors), during (fundamental for operators and civilians who may find themselves acting in a conflict situation) and after (how to help a person who has overcome a conflict and report a post-traumatic stress situation).

On Combat Fighting Tips - Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport

The Effect of Fear

One of the first things that Grossman explains in the book is the effect of fear and the physiological consequences on the body in terms of heart rate and the consequent alterations of perceptual and motor skills.

This is a fundamental element for the Psychology of combatimentor that it is very important to explain why it is important to know that in certain conditions your body and your psychology are altered and specific training is necessary to make it work and respond correctly in those conditions of Stress as in the case of an assault, Violence of some kind, etc.

On Combat

In a first phase, up to about 145 bpm,the body prepares to fight, sacrifices fine motor skills in favor of complex ones and benefits from a reduction in visual and cognitive reaction times. Blood flows from the extremities and surface making the body ready for confrontation (red condition).

At the end of the scale, above 175 bpm,we have the black condition, in which panic creates a collapse of cognitive and motor skills to make the person unable to fight.
In between there is an area defined gray,it is the one in which the trained people manage to fight with lucidity, while those who have not prepared begin to slip into the black condition.
To set up realistic training on the principle of stress inoculation, and teach tactical breathing techniques to control the heartbeat in situations of maximum stress this scheme is to be taken into account.

A number of psychological conditions can be identified, conventionally identified with colors:

  • White
  • Yellow
  • Red
  • Grey
  • Black.

On Combat Fighting Tips - Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport

Perceptual distortions in combat

The second part of the book is dedicated to the different perceptual distortions in combat:

  • hearing exclusion,
  • sonic intensification,
  • tunnel vision,
  • sensory exclusion of pain,
  • perceived action in slow motion,
  • automatic behavior,
  • aphony,
  • Paralysis
  • et cetera.

When it happens in our body, a rapid release of Adrenaline, and it is so powerful that it can alter the perception of reality.

In fact, under its effect it is possible to have perceptual and sensory distortions.

Tunnel vision: it is the restriction of the careful field that makes us appear larger and closer objects than they really are.

The eyes focus on what is happening in front, attenuating peripheral vision.

Acoustic isolation: The mind, focused on the threat, tends to exclude all other information

Dissociative psychological state : one may have the impression of observing himself outside, as if he were another person;

Feeling of autopilot: you feel transported by the action without you opposing it;

Mind speed: The temporal perception of events can be altered, as if the movements are slowing down.

And still radical alterations of memories:

  • Distortion
  • erasing memories and
  • memory and event alteration.

These distortions can obviously vary from individual to individual and their combination with personality aspects will then determine their tactical ability to handle the threat, outcome and consequences of a violent confrontation or aggression.

All this is documented by scientific research and real cases exposed in a very engaging way.


How warriors are “built”

The third part of the book On Combat is dedicated to how to forge warriors, how to physically and psychologically prepare human beings to better face what can happen in battle or during an aggression.

This is an extremely useful part for all instructors and provides many interesting ideas to share during the courses.

Finally, the last part of the book on the psychology of combat is about what happens after the fight:

  • reactions,
  • post-traumatic stress and
  • how to treat veterans and survivors.



It’s a fundamental book, especially if you’re interested in self-defense.

On Combat is one of the most interesting and comprehensive books on the psychology and physiology of combat that has been written.

Surely it is a text that all practitioners and instructors working in security and personal defense should read and study to try to structure training programs and practice closer to reality, however simple it is.
Definitely a text to know and have in your own library.

Also by the same author is “On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society” is a book written by military psychologist and U.S. Army veteran Dave Grossman.

Published in 1995, the book explores the theme of human nature and the relationship between human beings and the act of killing, focusing specifically on war and combat.

Grossman analyzes the psychological and emotional effects of killing on individuals involved in combat, pointing out that the act of taking a human life can have a significant impact on the soldier’s psyche.

The book also examines the techniques and strategies used to overcome the inhibition of killing in military training.

“On Killing” questions traditional beliefs about war and violence, bringing to light the complexity and psychological consequences that accompany killing in war contexts.

The book sparked extensive debate about the nature of killing and had a significant impact on discourses regarding military training and war policies.

It is important to note that “On Killing” is a book that explores sensitive topics and may not be suitable for all readers.

Before reading it, it is advisable to consider your personal sensitivities and look for additional sources to get a balanced perspective.

Happy reading!
Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport
Con una passione per la difesa personale e gli sport da combattimento, mi distinguo come praticante e fervente cultore e ricercatore sulle metodologie di allenamento e strategie di combattimento. La mia esperienza abbraccia un vasto panorama di discipline: dal dinamismo del Boxing alla precisione del Muay Thai, dalla tecnica del Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu all'energia del Grappling, dal Combat Submission Wrestling (CSW) all'intensità del Mixed Martial Arts (MMA). Non solo insegno, ma vivo la filosofia di queste arti, affinando costantemente metodi e programmi di allenamento che trascendono il convenzionale. La mia essenza si riflette nell'autodifesa: Filipino Martial Arts (FMA), Dirty Boxing, Silat, l'efficacia del Jeet Kune Do & Kali, l'arte della scherma con coltelli e bastoni, e la tattica delle armi da fuoco. Incarno la filosofia "Street Fight Mentality", un approccio senza fronzoli, diretto e strategico, unito a un "State Of Love And Trust" che bilancia l'intensità con la serenità. Oltre al tatami, la mia curiosità e competenza si spingono verso orizzonti diversi: un blogger professionista con la penna sempre pronta, un bassista dal groove inconfondibile e un artigiano del coltello, dove ogni lama è un racconto di tradizione e innovazione. Questa sinfonia di abilità non solo definisce la mia identità professionale, ma dipinge il ritratto di un individuo che nella diversità trova la sua unica e inconfondibile voce e visione. Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport! Andrea


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