Pepper Spray Antidote and First Aid
How to treat the infected parts from pepper spray.
I want to start this post by telling you that pepper spray is effective and for this reason it is a useful self-defense tool that you need to have with you and possibly more than one to keep in multiple positions and ready to use but at the same time more and more criminals to carry out crimes use pepper spray.
In the different standard sizes in cans, with pepper gas spray gun or like the Key Defender but it is a great self-defense tool.
So in addition to using it to defend yourself you need to know that it can also be used against you or some person you know and therefore it is useful to know how to cancel the effect with specific or improvised tools.
On the market there are different types but it is important that you use approved products for the country of residence because it is important that it respects national laws.
Now it is good to know an antidote pepper spray for the defense, in case the spray is bounced on you, or in case you accidentally spray yourself or someone else.
Since pepper spray is oil-based (derived from capsic oleoresin), it is simply not washed off only with water unless it is applied for a long period of time (say 30 minutes or more).
We discovered a couple of antidotes that work better than any other OC decontamination treatment product on the market.
Very important note!!
If you have been contaminated with pepper spray (especially on the face) do not rub the contaminated area because it will not remove or stop side effects.
Resist this need as much as possible.
Pepper spray is an inflammatory agent.
It is designed to inflame capillaries and cause a horrible burning sensation.
When you touch a contaminated area, help the pepper spray open the capillaries.
And the instant you do it, the burning sensation will increase tenfold and spread.
The first thing you should do is to reach a well-ventilated area with fresh air.
Loosen or remove all clothing around your neck, chest or waist that may limit breathing.
If you are wearing contact lenses, remove them.
Wash face and hair with running water and non-abrasive soap for at least 15 minutes, but do not rub your eyes, as this can increase exposure to pepper spray.
You may feel burning and burning for up to an hour, so be patient but if the pain is unbearable and lasts more than an hour, you have ingested pepper spray or have difficulty breathing, consult a doctor.
Wash all the clothing you were wearing when you came into contact with pepper spray.
Let’s go into detail.
There is no immediate cure for exposure to pepper spray, but often people can reduce the duration and intensity of symptoms:
- moving to an area with fresh air, if possible
- rinse the affected area with plenty of water to wash off contaminants
- avoiding using soap around the eyes as it is irritating
- remove clothing that may have come into contact with the spray for
- decontaminate and prevent recontamination.
- avoiding touching the affected area, as it is easy to spread the oil-based solution to other areas of the body
- blink quickly to help find the chemical
Popular strategies to remove pepper spray include baby shampoo, milk, ancids and lidocaine.
However, a 2008 study comparing these strategies found no evidence that they were more effective than water.
Even a randomized controlled study in 2018 reported no difference between baby shampoo and water alone in relieving the effects of tear gas and pepper spray.
Rescuers can use wipes and salt solutions to alleviate the symptoms of exposure to pepper spray.
A saline solution called diphthrin is an effective emergency treatment for various chemicals in contact with the eyes or skin, although research has not shown that it effectively removes pepper spray.
In most cases, the symptoms of pepper spray resolve within 10-30 minutes and do not require medical care.
How to stop the burn
As you might have guessed there is no easy or painless way to cure contamination by pepper spray and different people react differently to pepper spray.
So what removal techniques work for some may not work for others.
But through our experience, the following steps will help you get through the experience with as little discomfort as possible.
Our first aid recommendation for the removal of pepper spray is to start with applying whole milk to the affected area.
You can apply it to the affected area via a spray bottle, spray it directly onto the skin, saturate a clean towel and spread it over the affected area or soak the affected area.
Milk should help eliminate burning.
However, this will not remove the oils in the pepper spray.
To remove the oils we recommend using the antidote below.
Remove pepper spray oil from the skin
Use a 25% dishwashing detergent solution (noted that we did not mention a brand) and 75% water.
You can probably get away with using less detergent, but we’ve always used this formula.
Use cold water and prepare at least a liter because you will have to wash the affected area at least 7 or 8 times.
If your face is contaminated, mix the detergent in a bowl deep enough to soak your face for 10 to 15 seconds at a time.
Let the detergent start doing its job of breaking down the oils.
Do not use your hands or a cloth to clean the solution.
Let him rest.
After doing it a few times, you can start using your hands slightly (after they have been soaked in the solution) or use a solution-saturated towel to apply detergent to the skin.
This will most likely activate your capillaries and pepper spray.
This is normal, so try to stay calm and patient.
Decontaminating yourself from pepper spray can take 15 minutes to 45 minutes before symptoms disappear.
Recovery depends a lot on your skin type.
Once you can easily touch your face without too much discomfort, you can exert a little more pressure to work the solution.
Once you’re at this point, rinse your face between solution applications.
You may also want to create a new, smaller batch of clean, oil-free solution.
Since your skin will absorb some of the oils, you will not be able to wash it completely.
But at this point at least the effects will be tolerable.
If the pepper spray comes into contact with the eyes when wearing contact lenses, remove them as soon as possible.
Throw away the contact lenses because removing the pepper spray will be practically impossible.
Blinking helps wash “the chilli” from the eyes, which is not of great comfort to those who have to spend the next half hour waiting for the pain to decrease.
You can also try to rinse your eyes with a saline solution.
What happens when you’ve been sprayed with pepper or defense spray
Unlike tear gas, which vanishes quite quickly and can be (to some extent) washed off, the main ingredient of pepper spray remains in there, causing severe discomfort for more than half an hour after exposure and even after washing attempts.
Chili pepper creates heat and less irritation to the nerves, effectively reducing other signals sent by nerves to the brain.
Debilitating effects last more than 30 minutes and decrease over several hours.
When spraying an aggressor with pepper spray, the reaction of the body is immediate.
The eyes close automatically, causing temporary blindness, and the person sprayed, is unable to see, often panics.
The mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, eyes and respiratory tract react defensively to the pepper burn, producing tears, runny nose, saliva and cough as irritated airway and lung cells try to get rid of the chemical.
The treated person may try to rub their eyes, but pepper spray tends to spread it a little more and can worsen the burning as it penetrates further into the skin.
In addition to irritating the face, pepper spray causes the same burning sensation as when biting a chilli masquerading as green beans in that innocent-looking Thai dish.
It hurts everything he touches, yet it doesn’t kill you, nor leave you mutilated.
There have been some reported, but unproven, deaths from pepper spray.
These events usually occurred when law enforcement failed to follow spraying procedures.
Some asthmatics suffered anaphylactic shock from pepper spray.
However, the cases of death reported by pepper spray are very few and very unusual.
Pepper spray and allergic reactions
Although no specific lethal doses or lethal concentrations listed in the C.C. material safety data sheet are known, it has been implicated in the deaths of some people sprayed with it.
These people had a violent allergic reaction that was life-threatening known as anaphylaxis.
Symptoms of this condition include clogged airways due to swelling, fainting and shock.
Those with a higher risk of adverse reactions to pepper spray are asthmatic.
Recently reported in a history of violent behavior and clashes with law enforcement was another bizarre risk factor, although this may be due to the fact that people were more likely to be exposed or more likely to have multiple exposures to give allergic sensitization.
If you have asthma but would like to carry tear gas in self-defense, you may want to consider a formulation that does not contain capsic oleoresin if you are worried about the possible return of the wind or at least take a foam-like spray to avoid the risk of OC particles born in the air.
However, the use of foam does not reduce the risk of a negative reaction if the aggressor takes the spray and uses it against you.
This demonstrates the importance of using the spray only to defend people and not property because of this reaction. In these litigious times, there is also a potential responsibility.
Pepper spray is an increasingly popular personal defense tool and with proper training it can be an effective tool.
Surely it is important to understand its use to avoid contaminating yourself and above all to understand well the product chosen as a range, such as “arming” the spray, and above all do not keep it at the bottom of the bag to look for it when needed but already hold it in your hand on various occasions of everyday life such as when you leave a room late, you return home late, you are going to a parking lot , garage, etc.
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