Jab Cross Hook Cross, the basic combination par excellence of boxing but in general in striking.
One of the first things my teacher shouted over and over again during sparring sessions was:
Combines!! Do not throw single shots.
Actually it was and is an excellent advice that today I want to give you too and that I would like it to go out in your mind every time you spar.
Continuity of strikes and chaining of techniques is one of the important aspects of combat.
The single shot has its effectiveness and has its reason to exist, but the combination of blows is devastating.
The combination of shots is much more than just a series of shots in sequence.
It’s a necessary strategy to get your opponent open and hit when he doesn’t expect it.
First of all, in your combination you will use fists to open your opponent and inside these openings you will use fists to get to the target in a precise and powerful way.
Now the questions that are often asked when talking about combinations are:
- But which punches should I throw?
- In what order?
- Where should I hit?
- All strong?
- With which fist do I leave first?.
Let’s start with the basic combination par excellence, from this you can develop all the combinations you want, taking advantage of this principle.
The basic combination is: Jab Cross Hook Cross. (1-2-3-2)
Ps. If you are right the Jab is with the left hand, if you left-handed the Jab is count your right hand!!
It seems obvious but it is better not to leave anything to chance.
So if you’re a right guard the combination is Left Jab, Right Cross, Left Hook, Right Cross.
If you’re left-handed vice versa.
Let’s break down the sequence of Jab Cross Hook Cross:
1. The JAB
The jab is your number one fist.
It pulls with the most advanced arm, and it’s your most:
- long and
- close to your opponent
and that’s why it’s perfect to start every combination.
Even if it doesn’t do “much damage”, it doesn’t leave you much uncovered at your opponent’s blows.
This is why you have to use it on your opponent and not use other shots until you see an opening.
Almost all combinations start with the Jab
How to use the Jab:
- Use the jab to create openings for your Cross.
- and pull it straight into your opponent’s face.
- or pull it to your opponent’s body.
- pull it everywhere you see that makes your opponent’s guard move like a fake.
2. Cross is the shot that does the most damage
The cross, usually pulled with your dominant hand, is your strongest punch and it comes naturally to pull it after the jab.
Even if it leaves you a little more vulnerable than the Jab, the cross has the maximum power and range of each stroke of hand.
For many fighters, an effective combination of 1-2 is all they really need to win.
Cross is your longest powerful shot.
How to use cross:
- Pull it right after the jab.
- Pull it to your opponent’s head or body.
- The cross is the shot you need to use to damage your opponent.
3. The hook opens the side corner
The hook (the hook) naturally follows the cross, and is the first power shot with your least strong hand.
The hook is particularly dangerous because it comes from a side angle that is harder to see and harder to defend.
The speed of the shot can surprise many because it is pulled with the front hand that is the closest to the opponent.
The side angle can cause more damage because it increases the likelihood of the shot rotating the opponent’s head, increasing the persuasive effect.
Because of your position as a boxing guard, the left hook is also the most effective punch for body blow.
The downside is that the left hook doesn’t have a great distance and can leave you vulnerable when you go empty.
So it’s important to pull this shot only when the opportunity is presented.
The left hook is deceptive and is most useful when you are in the opponent’s distance and you have an increasing pace of shots.
The hook is a dangerous shot because it comes from an angled position and is a very versatile shot.
How to use the hook, where the left hook:
- damage after the cross.
- It can be effective if it blocks the first shots of cross jab.
- you can direct it to the head or body.
4. The final cross of the combination
Finish all your combinations with the strongest hand.
As long as you’re trying to attack rather than defend, it should be natural to finish all your combinations with your best power shot.
- The jab opens the combination.
- Cross causes damage.
- The left hook opens a second angle of attack.
- The final cross ends with a power stroke the combination to do even more damage.
Ps. The last shot experiences adding more punches at the end, such as a jab to re-establish the distance, an uppercut to put an angled power shot, etc. or even another punch like the overhead.
Now that you’ve seen one of the “master” punch combinations as a use, start creating your master combination.
Each fighter has his own set of combinations to surprise the opponent.
Right now your goal is to memorize and practice this combination.
Over time, you’ll learn how to change small details to make it more effective and make it work.
Practice packed, with focus pads with a workout buddy, in the void, etc.
Experiment and find out why it’s natural and why it works so well, it mistakes and learns, pulls shots by changing the pace, the power of shots, inserting displacements in combination with footwork.
This simple combination is a laboratory.
Whether you’re a beginner or an expert, the basic combination par excellence Jab Cross Hook Cross, this basic combination of punches all use it.
Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport!