- 1 History of historical Florentine football
- 2 What was the purpose in the past of Florentine historical football
- 3 When it takes place
- 4 Roles in Florentine historical football
- 5 Characteristics of the participants in the Florentine historical football according to the role
- 6 The rules of Florentine historical football
- 7 What is illegal in the game of Florentine historical football
- 8 List of football clubs in Florence
- 9 Fighting techniques allowed in Florentine historical football
- 10 Referees in Florentine historical football
- 11 Controversy over historical Florentine football
- 12 Conclusions on the Florentine historical football
The historical Florentine football.
Historical Florentine football: an ancient sport that combines self-defense and tradition.
In this article, we will take you on a journey through time to discover the Florentine historical football, an ancient sport that combines athletic skills, combat and tradition.
We will discover what makes this discipline so unique and why it could be considered an unexpected form of self-defense.
Combat and self-defense in historical football, where one of the unique characteristics of Florentine historical football is the element of combat that mixes with the game.
Players can use fighting and self-defense techniques to protect the ball and stop opponents.
This requires physical strength, endurance and skill in hand-to-hand combat.
The meetings are very intense with a succession of physical confrontations between the players.
Exploring the Florentine historical football, we will immerse ourselves in a world of emotions, strength and tradition.
This sport has its roots in ancient Rome, when soldiers challenged each other in ball fights that took place in the city squares.
Over the centuries, the game has evolved, adopting the unique features that distinguish it today.
One of the distinctive features of Florentine historical football is the importance of the neighborhoods.
Florence is divided into four historic districts:
- Santa Croce (blue),
- Holy Spirit (white),
- Santa Maria Novella (red) and
- St. John (green).
Each neighborhood has its own team and colors, and players are proud to represent their community.
Historic Florentine football is not a sport for those who do not like tension.
Players wear historical uniforms, such as shorts, socks and shirts, reminiscent of times gone by.
The ball used is made of leather and is of considerable size.
The matches last 50 minutes.
During the game, players compete in a physical fight to gain control of the ball and score points.
Allowed fighting techniques include punches, kicks, tackles, and catches, but there are rules that limit dangerous or unfair actions.
The spectators of the Florentine historical football are an integral part of the show.
The squares of Florence are filled with fans, who cheer for their team and immerse themselves in the vibrant and engaging atmosphere.
This sport is a moment of celebration and pride for the city, and the energy emanating from the stands is palpable.
Historic Florentine football is much more than a sport.
It is a celebration of Florentine history, culture and identity.
Each game tells a story of rivalry, courage and loyalty, and nurtures a sense of belonging to the community.
If you come to Florence, do not miss the opportunity to see the Florentine historical football.
History of historical Florentine football
The history of historical Florentine football has its roots in ancient Rome, where ball games called “harpastum” or “harpustum” were held. These games involved physical confrontations and were held in the squares of Roman cities.
However, historical Florentine football as we know it today originated in Florence in the sixteenth century. In 1530, during the siege of the city by imperial troops, a great football tournament was organized to raise the morale of the Florentines. This event is considered the first documented testimony of Florentine historical football.
In the following years, the game developed further and became an established tradition. Over the centuries, historical Florentine football has withstood wars, political changes and restrictions imposed by the authorities, thanks to its popularity and importance for the Florentine community.
During the Renaissance, the Florentine historical football assumed an important role as a form of entertainment and celebration of the city festivities. The matches were organized on the occasion of important events, such as patronal festivities or royal weddings.
Over time, the Florentine historical football has undergone changes in the rules and dynamics of the game. For example, during the seventeenth century, the “ricorsa” was introduced, a sort of run that involved the passage of the ball from one point to another of the field.
During the nineteenth century, the Florentine historical football risked disappearing due to restrictions imposed by the authorities who considered the game too violent. However, thanks to the determination of the Florentine population, historical football survived and continued to be practiced.
During the twentieth century, Florentine historical football has gained more and more popularity and has established itself as one of the most anticipated and beloved events in the city. The rules have been defined and the matches are held annually, involving the teams of the historic districts of Florence.
Today, historic Florentine football is an integral part of Florentine tradition and identity.
The matches attract thousands of spectators, both locals and tourists, who gather in the squares to cheer for their teams and experience the excitement of this ancient sport.
The Florentine historical football represents a living link with the city’s past, an opportunity to celebrate its history and its unique culture.
It is an experience that goes beyond sport, transmitting the soul and passion of Florence through play and competition.
What was the purpose in the past of Florentine historical football
In the past, the Florentine historical football had different purposes that varied depending on the era and the historical context in which it took place.
Initially, during the Roman era, the ball game from which the Florentine historical football originated was a way to entertain and entertain people, but also to train soldiers in hand-to-hand combat.
In the Renaissance, Florentine historical football became an integral part of city celebrations and festivals.
The matches were organized on the occasion of important events, such as royal weddings or patronal festivities, to honor illustrious guests and to create an atmosphere of celebration and fun.
Sports competitions were a way to exalt the greatness of Florence and to show the strength and courage of its citizens.
The Florentine historical football also had a social function and community cohesion.
The teams represented the historic districts of Florence, and the matches were an opportunity for residents of a neighborhood to unite, cheer and support their team.
This created a sense of belonging and identity, strengthening social ties between citizens.
In addition, the Florentine historical football also had a political role.
During times of political tension or conflict, matches could be used as a form of political expression or to glorify national pride.
The victories of the neighborhoods could be interpreted as symbols of supremacy or resistance.
Overall, the purpose of Florentine historical football in the past was to amuse, entertain, celebrate the city and its culture, create social cohesion and strengthen the identity of the neighborhoods.
Today, although with some differences, many of these aspects are still present in contemporary Florentine historical football.
In contemporary Florentine historical football, in addition to the aspects of fun and entertainment, the main objective is to preserve and enhance the tradition and history of the city of Florence.
The game has become a cultural institution and a symbol of identity for the Florentine community.
Calcio storico fiorentino represents a bridge between past and present, allowing people to connect with the historical roots of the city and live an authentic experience.
The matches are a reminder of the strength, determination and fighting spirit of the Florentines of the past.
In addition, the Florentine historical football has a role of tourism promotion.
The event attracts visitors from all over the world, eager to witness this unique form of sport and immerse themselves in the festive atmosphere of the Florentine squares.
Historical football thus becomes a showcase for Florence, allowing it to showcase the historical and artistic heritage of the city and spread its reputation as a cultural destination.
In addition to the cultural and tourist benefits, Florentine historical football also has a positive economic impact on the city.
The event attracts a large turnout of spectators, creating opportunities for the hospitality, service and local trade sector.
Finally, the Florentine historical football represents a form of sporting competition and physical expression.
The athletes who participate in the matches demonstrate courage, athletic ability and team spirit, resulting in exciting and exciting encounters.
Historic Florentine football is an opportunity for athletes to test themselves and be part of a centuries-old tradition.
In conclusion, the Florentine historical football in the contemporary context has as its main purpose the preservation of Florentine history and tradition, the promotion of tourism and the offer of a unique experience for spectators and athletes.
It is a game that is based on the legacy of the past, but that continues to be lived and loved in the present, representing a deep bond with the Florentine identity.
When it takes place
Florentine historical football traditionally takes place during the summer period in Florence, Italy.
The main date on which the main event is held is June 24, on the occasion of the day of St. John the Baptist, patron saint of the city of Florence.
This day is very significant for the city and is celebrated with various events, including the Florentine historical football.
However, it is important to note that the organization of events and specific dates may vary from year to year.
Therefore, to know the exact dates of Florentine historical football matches and related events, it is advisable to consult the official program of the current year or visit the websites or local information sources that provide updates on Florentine historical football.
Be sure to check official or reliable sources to get the most up-to-date information on match dates and times, so you can participate and enjoy the experience of this fascinating historical sport.
Roles in Florentine historical football
In historical Florentine football, there are four distinct roles that players play during a match. These roles are as follows:
- Villains (Attackers): The players of the “bad guys” are responsible for scoring points by bringing the ball over the opponent’s goal line. They are positioned in the center of the field and try to overcome the opposing defense using physical strength and their skills in hand-to-hand combat.
- Defenders: Defenders are positioned in the defensive zone of the field and their main objective is to protect their own goal line and prevent opposing players from scoring. They use self-defense techniques to counter opposing attackers and try to regain possession of the ball.
- Spikers: Spikers are a kind of middleman between the bad guys and the defenders. They are placed on the sides of the field and have a versatile role. They can perform defensive and offensive tasks, helping both to protect their team and to attack.
- Goalkeeper: The goalkeeper is the only player who can touch the ball with his hands inside his own penalty area. His main task is to defend his own goal, repelling the shots of opponents. The goalkeeper must have fast reflexes, combat skills and good game vision to effectively protect his team.
Each role in Florentine historical football has a specific responsibility and contributes to the dynamics of the game.
The combination of these roles creates a unique experience where self-defense and game strategy merge into one spectacular sport.
Characteristics of the participants in the Florentine historical football according to the role
- Forwards: Strikers in Florentine historical football are usually physically robust and endowed with great strength and endurance. They are the players in charge of scoring goals, and therefore must have good accuracy in shots and the ability to break through opposing defenses. Strikers must be able to move quickly on the field, avoid opponents and work well as a team to create scoring opportunities.
- Defenders (Defenders): Defenders in Florentine historical football are responsible for protecting their team from opposing attacks. They are strong and resilient players, able to physically counter opponents and prevent them from advancing. They must have a good ability to mark and read the game, to anticipate the actions of opponents and foil their attacks. Defenders must be ready to put their bodies on the line to counter opponents and protect their team.
- Sbandieratori (Sbandieratori): The flag-wavers in the Florentine historical football do not participate directly in the game, but are an integral part of the ceremonies and festivities that accompany the games. They are skilled in the use of flags and perform spectacular choreography and acrobatics during events. Flag-wavers must have excellent coordination, balance and agility to perform their performances accurately and engagingly.
- Goalkeepers: Goalkeepers in Florentine historical football are the guardians of the goal and have the task of defending the penalty area. They must have quick reflexes, good coordination and a great ability to repel opponents’ shots. Goalkeepers must also be good communicators, able to lead the defense and organize the team during matches. Their presence in the goal represents an important line of defense for the team.
- Half-wing: Half-wingers in Florentine historical football are versatile players who operate in midfield. They have the responsibility of linking the attack with the defense, playing a supporting role both in the construction of offensive actions and in the recovery phase of the ball. Half-forwards must have good game vision, passing skills and high stamina to cover large distances during the game. They are often flexible players, able to adapt to the tactical needs of the team.
- Captain: The captain in Florentine historical football has a leadership role within the team. He is the one who leads the team on the field, makes strategic decisions and motivates teammates. The captain must be an example of courage, determination and fair play. He must have good communication and decision-making skills to manage the team during matches.
In general, all participants in the Florentine historical football must have a good physical condition, strength and endurance.
They must also show a strong sense of belonging to their team and a great determination to compete in the game.
The Florentine historical football requires a significant physical and mental commitment from all participants, creating a unique experience that combines sport, culture and tradition.
It should be noted that, although the positions and characteristics of players in Florentine historical football are generally recognized, the game itself has a certain flexibility and adaptability.
Sometimes, players may fill different roles or adapt to the needs of the team during the course of the game.
In addition, it is important to underline that in Florentine historical football physical dimension and endurance are considered fundamental elements for all participants, regardless of role.
The matches are characterized by a high level of physical contact and competition, so all players must be prepared to face physical challenges and adapt to the dynamics of the game.
Finally, in addition to the individual characteristics of the participants, the Florentine historical football also emphasizes the value of teamwork and cohesion.
Each role has a specific role within a well-defined game system, and collaboration between players is essential to achieving success.
Mutual trust, communication and the ability to work together are key elements for a successful team in historic Florentine football.
In conclusion, the participants in the Florentine historical football, regardless of the role they play, must possess excellent physical fitness, strength, endurance and specific skills according to their game responsibilities.
Physical competition and team collaboration are central elements in this sport, which combines tradition, culture and fighting spirit to create a unique and engaging experience.
The rules of Florentine historical football
Calcio storico fiorentino is a game with particular rules that date back centuries.
Here is an overview of the main rules of Florentine historical football:
- Playing field: The field is rectangular and covered with sand. It is divided into two halves by a central line and has a goal line at each end. The size of the field may vary slightly from year to year.
- Number of players: Each team consists of 27 players. The teams represent the historic districts of Florence. Each team consists of 27 players who are divided into the following roles: 3 backers (goalkeepers), 3 forward givers (fullbacks), 5 sconciatori (midfielders), 15 forward or runners (forwards).
- Duration of the match: A historic Florentine football match is called “caccia”. Each hunt lasts 50 minutes.
- Start of the game: The game begins with a throw of the ball by the “pallaio” towards the center of the field. The players try to take possession of the ball and the challenge begins.
- Objective: The main objective of the game is to score a “fighter”, bringing the ball beyond the opponent’s goal line. Each hunt scored gives points to the team. The aim of the game is to score as many hunts (goals) as possible, depositing the ball in the opponent’s net. Precision is fundamental: whenever the ball ends up above the net x error of the attackers or touch of a defender, a half hunt is assigned in favor of the opponent. At each hunting mark, the teams must change sides of the field.
- Combat: During the match, players can engage in hand-to-hand combat to protect the ball or stop opponents. Combat is allowed but there are some restrictions, such as hitting an opponent on the ground or from behind. In the game only 1 against 1 physical clashes are allowed, clashes between a greater number of opponents are prohibited. You can land an opponent via tackle, but you can’t hit.
- Penalties: Violations of the rules can lead to penalties. Players can be cautioned, temporarily sent off or permanently expelled from the game. Some actions can lead to penalties for the entire team.
- Referees: Florentine historical football matches are controlled by four referees, called “rectors”, who monitor compliance with the rules and make decisions in case of infractions or disputes. The match is directed by the referee, helped by 6 line markers and by the administrative judge off the field. Above all there is the field master who supervises the unfolding of the game and intervenes to restore order.
These are just some of the main rules of Florentine historical football.
It’s important to note that the game can be very physical and sometimes harsh, but player safety is always a priority.
Historic Florentine football is a unique sport that combines tradition, competition and athletic skills.
The teams enter the field to the rhythm of the drums; after the Herald of the Lordship read “Le Grida”, that is, the announcement that the game is about to start at the Magnifico Messere.
The Magnificent Messere or the Graceful Madonna is an honorary title reserved for a famous personality, who has a particular link with Florence.
After the reading of “Le Grida” the Field Master gives permission to start the match and the ball throwing the ball on the central line of the field.
The Colombrine shoot to greet the opening of hostility and the game begins.
At the end of the game the winning team is rewarded with the Hymn of Victory played by the musicians of the Calcio Storico, the palio and a Chianina calf.
What is illegal in the game of Florentine historical football
In Florentine historical football, there are some actions considered illegal or prohibited.
Here is a list of behaviors that are generally considered illegal in the game of Florentine historical football:
- Hitting an opponent from behind: It is forbidden to hit an opponent from behind or when he is unable to defend himself.
- Hitting an opponent on the ground: It is not allowed to hit an opponent who is on the ground or already neutralized.
- Intentionally targeting sensitive parts of the body: It is illegal to intentionally target the genital organs or other sensitive parts of the body.
- Use of weapons or foreign objects: It is forbidden to use weapons or foreign objects during the game. Calcio storico fiorentino is a sport practiced exclusively with the body and without the use of external tools.
- Strike with clenched fists or too violent blows: It is not allowed to hit with closed fists or with excessively violent blows that can cause serious injury.
- Unsportsmanlike behavior: Unsportsmanlike behavior, such as insults, offensive or abusive behavior towards opponents or referees, is considered illegal.
- Bites or scratches: It is forbidden to bite or scratch opponents during the game. These actions are considered incorrect and dangerous.
- Intentionally hitting the face: It is illegal to deliberately hit an opponent’s face, especially with punches or direct kicks to the face.
- Attacking the opponent from behind: It is not allowed to attack an opponent from behind or make tackles or blocks that put the safety of the other player at risk.
- Unsportsmanlike conduct: In addition to the unsportsmanlike behavior mentioned above, actions such as incitement to violence, systematic insult or disrespect towards opponents, referees or the public are considered illegal in Florentine historical football.
It is important to note that Florentine historical football is a physical and competitive sport, so there may be situations of contact and lawful combat.
However, actions that go beyond the limits set by the rules of the game are considered illegal and may result in penalties for players or the entire team.
Player safety is always a priority during the game.
Importantly, Florentine historical football is a game that combines elements of sport and combat.
However, there are rules to ensure player safety and mutual respect during the game.
Violations of the rules may result in personal or team penalties, including temporary or permanent removal from the match.
List of football clubs in Florence
The Florentine historical football involves four teams representing the historic districts of Florence. Here is a list of the teams of the Florentine historical football:
- Azzurri (Blue): They represent the district of Santa Croce. Players wear blue jerseys.
- Rossi (Rossi): They represent the district of Santa Maria Novella. Players wear red jerseys.
- Whites: They represent the neighborhood of Santo Spirito. Players wear white jerseys.
- Verdi (Verdi): They represent the district of San Giovanni. Players wear green jerseys.
These four teams participate in the Florentine historical football matches held during traditional events, such as the Calcio Storico Fiorentino which takes place in June in Florence.
Each team has a strong connection to their neighborhood and enjoys passionate support from local residents.
In addition to the main teams representing the historic districts of Florence, there are also reserve teams or support teams that can participate in meetings or play a supporting role during Florentine historical football matches.
These support teams can be made up of players from other neighborhoods or community members who wish to participate in the event.
Although these support teams may not have an official role in the main tournament, they can be involved in training, friendlies or informal challenges.
The four main teams, Azzurri, Rossi, Bianchi and Verdi, however, are the main protagonists of Florentine historical football and represent the traditions and pride of their respective neighborhoods.
During the historical Florentine football events, the teams compete in a tournament that culminates with a final match to determine the winner of the year.
These matches are spectacular, engaging and attract a large crowd of spectators, who gather to support their favorite teams and enjoy the unique spectacle offered by Florentine historical football.
The teams of the historic Florentine football contribute to creating a strong sense of identity, rivalry and belonging in the city of Florence, celebrating the history, tradition and passion for this ancient and unique sport.
Fighting techniques allowed in Florentine historical football
In historical Florentine football, some specific fighting techniques are allowed that allow players to compete physically and defend themselves during the game.
However, it is important to note that Florentine historical football is not a complete fight or a form of martial arts.
The permitted techniques are mainly aimed at self-defense and the acquisition or maintenance of possession of the ball.
Some of the fighting techniques allowed in Florentine historical football include:
- Breakthrough: Players can try to break through the opposing defense by using physical force to push, unbalance or land opponents.
- Tackle: Players can perform tackles to stop or neutralize an opponent. However, it is important that tackles are made in compliance with the rules and without endangering the safety of the other player.
- Grab and Hold: Players can grab or hold opponents to prevent them from moving or reaching the ball. This technique is used to counter opposing attackers or protect the ball.
- Slides and Landing: Players can make controlled slides or landings to try to steal the ball from the opponent or prevent them from advancing.
It is important to underline that historical Florentine football is a physical game and the fighting techniques allowed are mainly aimed at protecting oneself, defending the team and countering opponents.
However, there are restrictions and illegal behaviors that need to be avoided, such as hitting an opponent from behind, using violent blows, or targeting sensitive parts of the body.
Referees (known as “rectors”) closely monitor the game to ensure that fighting techniques remain within the permitted limits and that the rules and safety of the players are respected.
Referees in Florentine historical football
In historic Florentine football, referees have a fundamental role in ensuring compliance with the rules and the proper conduct of matches. Referees in Florentine historical football are called “rectors”.
Here are some details on the role and responsibilities of rectors:
- Number of rectors: During a historic Florentine football match, there are four rectors who supervise the entire field. Each rector is positioned in one of the four corners of the field and has the task of controlling specific areas of play.
- Arbitral Authority: Rectors have the authority to make decisions regarding infractions, penalties and enforcement of rules. Their decisions are final and are respected by all players and spectators.
- Monitoring of the rules: The rectors monitor compliance with the rules by the players. They control lawful combat, the correct use of game techniques and make sure that illegal actions are punished appropriately.
- Allocation of points: During the game, the rectors are responsible for awarding points to the teams when a “fighter” is scored, that is, when the ball crosses the opponent’s goal line. The rectors collaborate to evaluate and confirm the signature.
- Communication with players: Rectors can communicate with players to explain decisions made or give directions during the game. They can also draw players’ attention to misconduct or dangerous behavior.
- Player safety: Player safety is a priority for rectors. If they notice dangerous situations or risk of injury, they can intervene to prevent accidents and ensure that the game takes place safely.
- Refereeing of the phases of play: The rectors are responsible for refereeing the phases of the game, such as kick-offs, lateral throws and ball raises. They regulate and control the progress of the game to ensure fair competition between teams.
- Reporting of violations: Rectors are responsible for reporting violations of the rules committed by players. They may use manual signals, such as whistles or flags, to indicate to other rectors and players that an infringement has been committed.
- Enforcement of penalties: In case of violations of the rules, rectors can assign penalties to the players or teams involved. These penalties may include the temporary or permanent removal of a player from the match, or the awarding of punishments in favor of the opposing team.
- Interpretation of the rules: The rectors have the task of interpreting the rules of Florentine historical football in complex or dubious situations. Their knowledge of the rules and traditions of the sport helps them make fair and unbiased decisions while playing.
- Playing time management: The rectors control the playing time and are responsible for signaling the beginning and end of the different phases of the game. They maintain careful control of the weather and make sure that matches take place on schedule.
Rectors in Florentine historical football play a key role in maintaining order and integrity of the game, they play a crucial role in ensuring compliance with the rules, fairness and safety during matches.
Their presence and vigilance help to ensure that the Florentine historical football takes place according to the established rules and in respect of the traditional values of sport.
Controversy over historical Florentine football
- Violent nature of the game: Florentine historical football is a game that combines elements of sports and combat, and some people feel that its violent nature may be excessive or inappropriate. Images of players involved in physical confrontations can raise concerns about the safety and well-being of participants.
- Injury and risk of accident: Due to the physical and combative nature of the game, there is an inherent risk of injury to players. There has been controversy regarding the safety of the rules and the measures taken to prevent serious injuries during matches.
- Regulation of combat techniques: The fighting techniques allowed in Florentine historical football can be the subject of debate. Some argue that some actions, such as head-to-head fights or too aggressive tackles, could be dangerous or exceed the limit of legitimate play.
- Role of betting and disqualification: There has been controversy regarding the possible involvement of betting in Florentine historical football and the measures taken to prevent illegal practices or manipulation of matches. Some raised questions about the transparency and integrity of disqualification decisions made by referees.
- Representation of the neighborhoods: Some debates focused on the representation of the teams in the historic districts of Florence. Some believe that there could be nuances of rivalry and discrimination between neighborhoods, as only four teams represent the city.
It is important to note that these controversies reflect the opinions of different people and that the Florentine historical football continues to be a very popular event in Florence, rooted in the tradition and cultural identity of the city.
The organisers and competent authorities seek to address these issues and improve the game while respecting the traditions and safety of the participants.
Conclusions on the Florentine historical football
Historical Florentine football is a unique and fascinating sport that mixes elements of combat, tradition and sporting competition but it is much more than a sport for the Florentines.
It is a link with the millennial history of Florence, an experience that combines tradition, culture and passion, a tribute to the neighborhoods of Florence, which compete in the name of their community and make pride and belonging resonate.
Its roots in ancient Rome and its evolution over the centuries have helped shape a unique game.
The historic Florentine football is a tribute to the strength, endurance and determination of the players, who challenge each other with courage and fighting spirit.
Its millenary history and deep cultural roots make it a significant event for the city of Florence.
Despite the controversies and debates that can surround Florentine historic football, there is no denying the impact it has on the local community and on the city’s tourism.
The matches attract spectators from all over the world, offering them an authentic and immersive experience of Florentine culture.
The historic Florentine football celebrates the strength, endurance and passion of the men and women who participate in this unique sport. It is an opportunity for the districts of Florence to demonstrate their pride and unity through sporting competition.
The beauty of Florentine historical football lies in its ability to pass on centuries-old traditions and connect people with the city’s glorious past. It is an event that strengthens the sense of belonging and cultural identity of the Florentine community.
Despite the challenges and controversies, Florentine historical football continues to fascinate and grab the imagination of many people.
It remains an icon of Italian sport and culture, and its impact persists over time.
The historic Florentine football matches attract spectators from all over the world, fascinated by its authenticity and the engaging atmosphere of the Florentine squares.
If you have the opportunity to attend a historic Florentine football match, do not hesitate to do so.
You will find yourself immersed in a unique experience, where the story comes to life and the energy of the foule blends with the passion of the players.
The Florentine historical football will give you unforgettable memories and an opportunity to appreciate the greatness of this ancient sport.
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