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Wooden Dummy

Wooden Dummy

Wooden Dummy or wooden man is a training tool alone widely used in different martial arts such as Wing Chung but also in JKD Original, Silat,etc.

It is a very useful training tool alone where you can try motor patterns endlessly and also do an excellent bone conditioning.

The wooden man called Muk Yan Chong (木人樁 in Chinese) Murenzhuang in Pinyin and in English commonly called puppet/man/wooden doll) is a tool used in the training of Wing Chun and other styles of Kung Fu in southern China.

Basically it consists of: a wooden trunk, from which protrude three pegs on which to train the techniques of arms (two higher, to form a V; the third a little lower, central) and one, longer and curved, for the training of techniques with the legs.

There are two types of traditional Muk Yan Chong:

  • The dead wooden man, without a frame and planted directly in the ground. Being fixed and free of oscillations it is suitable for beginners;

Wooden Dummy

  • The man of living wood, fixed on an oscillating frame, responds to the blows of the practitioner by returning the strength that is expressed to him. Recommended only to experienced practitioners,it is suitable for training the homonymous form in Wing Chun.


Muk Yan Chong in Wing Chun is often used to perform the advanced form of Wing Chun consisting of 116 movements that are performed at Muk Yan Chong, from which it takes its name.

With this form the practitioner learns to manage an opponent whose angles are non-deformable and to manage the energy of his shots, which the dummy returns in the form of vibrations.

In Wing Chun each side of the dummy is “to itself”, that is, each technique performed on one side is independent of that performed on the other, hence the Chinese saying “the Muk Yan Chong contains two opponents“.

How was the wooden mannequin born? What is the history of Wing Chun Dummy?

The legendary folk history of Wing Chun says that Ng Mui created the first mannequin of Wing Chun, creating 108 mannequins separated into one, as efficiently and effectively as his reasoning.

However, the modern mannequin as we know it – the wall-mounted mannequin, or the Hong Kong mannequin, both names work – was the design of Ip Man, to meet the demands of apartment life.

The elasticity that comes from having a mannequin “mounted on the wall” gives it a kind of feeling that the mannequin is “alive”.

This feeling that the dummy is “alive” is attributed to the involuntary reaction of a human opponent to the application of energy.

As such, the previous version of the mannequin is considered a “dead” mannequin since it does not have that elasticity and simulated human reaction.

However, despite the label of “alive” or “dead”, it is still a matter of preference when it comes to choosing the wooden mannequin on which to train.

Is there a “best Wing Chun mannequin”?

There is no single “BEST” mannequin, there is only one mannequin that is the best for YOU.

It’s all a matter of preference: all Wing Chun practitioners have different tastes when it comes to their mannequins.

Some may prefer that the arms have some elasticity, i.e. that the arms move a little in their orbits when any kind of pressure is applied, while other practitioners prefer that the arms are stiff and do not offer elasticity .

Some practitioners prefer their dummy to be completely stationary on a wall mount, while others may like to have their sliding mannequin on the wall mount.

Low Kick

The evolution of the idea of the wooden man in other arts

Today there are different types from the classic to those that can be mounted on the bag or a pole.

Personally I have built one also suitable for my needs of study and personal research where I can build guards and insert in my hands weapons of different types such as Sticks, knives, firearms, walking stick, etc. and use impact and edged weapons and improvised weapons with the dummy.

For the Kali/Eskrima I use a mannequin designed and built with tires to be able to use impact and cutting weapons.

What is important is to respect the human anatomy as proportions and heights because otherwise you risk working on wrong trajectories and therefore building a movement that is not consistent with reality.

A bit like the mistake you see when an alleged trainer holds the pao as if one had a head as big as a man with open arms.

Dummy Kali/Eskrima/Silat

You don’t have to know or be a Wing Chun practitioner to use and practice the technique on a wooden mannequin

Today there are also cheaper dummys and to save space to be applied to the Muay Thai bag which is a cheaper possibility to train or more compact versions to be applied to the wall.

An example for the bag application is the attachmate: Wing Chun Dummy Trainer model (pictured on the left) which is:

  • Portable – Easy to assemble and disassemble for use with the punching bag standing or by hand.
  • Fits all hanging and self-supporting bag diameters – Adjustable straps make the Attach-Mate compatible with any self-supporting or hanging bag. It does not work with Century BOB type bags.

  • Spring Action Arms – Spring action is achieved by the way the arms are connected through the flexible base plates. There are no real springs in the arms.
  • Long Duration – Able to withstand hard workouts and move on. If, on the off chance that you manage to damage it, please let us know and we will send you the spare parts as soon as possible.
  • Cheap compared to the wooden man about 150€ – Attachmate makes it possible to train for example wing Chun with your existing at a fraction of the cost of a traditional wooden mannequin. It only makes financial sense to give it a try before spending your hard-earned money on a very expensive full-size wooden mannequin.

Attention! I evaluate the idea as a concept that is interesting but in this case I have not tried the product but I have one of my own self-built very robust, I do not guarantee for the quality of this product.


Training on the wooden mannequin

The regular and constant use of the wooden mannequin has important benefits.

You don’t need to spend hours and hours in front of the mannequin but you need constancy trying to work on a module or part of the complete shape / form.

You can also do a job on a shape by inserting aspects related to movement, speed, accuracy, etc.

Then I select what to do or some techniques to practice and try on the dummy.

I perform the techniques over and over again on the dummy slowly and accurately until I feel comfortable enough and increase the speed.

You don’t need haste but constancy!

It is very important to try to put together different technical sequences and the next time you work with a live partner perform the techniques unrelated to a sequence but insert more techniques without the impossible linearity of the sequence or form you study.

To quote Bruce Lee.. you must be like water, form in non-form!

The wooden mannequin is a great “springboard” to bring the techniques to a good level and go from the form to the application with a companion up to practice the techniques in sparring which for me is the only thing that matters, being able to make the techniques work in the real world.

Many shapes are very linear in motion but it is an ideal technical sequence and for this reason what is really needed is a “small” adaptation.

I noticed that learning to use with time instead of the linear movement sequence but unpacking the technical sequence as well as making the mind more elastic and adaptable ends up making your attack or defense less predictable to perform the next technique.

To me this makes a lot of sense because of the non-linear and elusive nature of combat where many techniques must have an adaptation of time and distance (timing and footwork) in order to work.

Almost any technique of any art can be taken from a form and performed on the wooden mannequin.

All you need is an open mind and a little creativity.


On the dummy you can do different types of exercise:

  • Sequences Techniques and forms related to the style or art practiced
  • Footwork always a technical job because the mannequin is stationary
  • Bone conditioning
  • Fluidity
  • Velocity
  • Precision
  • et cetera.

Wooden Dummy Fighting Tips - Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport


The wooden man is a tool for technical study in training only very useful because it allows you to perform for hours and hours, thousands of times the same sequence or technique.

It is a technical study because it can never replace a training partner and above all it is very static.

Comparing it to striking workouts but it’s a bit like doing a lot, compared to doing the pao and then the conditional or free sparring.

So it is a useful type of work but limited to developing certain characteristics, it is part of the training but it cannot be the only way to train, like the boxing bag.

Definitely a good workout that you can perform on your own, maybe with a supervisor the first few times or filming yourself while performing the techniques.

A tool that you can use for any martial art!

Have a good workout with the Dummy!

Stay Tuned!

Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport

Con una passione per la difesa personale e gli sport da combattimento, mi distinguo come praticante e fervente cultore e ricercatore sulle metodologie di allenamento e strategie di combattimento. La mia esperienza abbraccia un vasto panorama di discipline: dal dinamismo del Boxing alla precisione del Muay Thai, dalla tecnica del Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu all'energia del Grappling, dal Combat Submission Wrestling (CSW) all'intensità del Mixed Martial Arts (MMA). Non solo insegno, ma vivo la filosofia di queste arti, affinando costantemente metodi e programmi di allenamento che trascendono il convenzionale. La mia essenza si riflette nell'autodifesa: Filipino Martial Arts (FMA), Dirty Boxing, Silat, l'efficacia del Jeet Kune Do & Kali, l'arte della scherma con coltelli e bastoni, e la tattica delle armi da fuoco. Incarno la filosofia "Street Fight Mentality", un approccio senza fronzoli, diretto e strategico, unito a un "State Of Love And Trust" che bilancia l'intensità con la serenità. Oltre al tatami, la mia curiosità e competenza si spingono verso orizzonti diversi: un blogger professionista con la penna sempre pronta, un bassista dal groove inconfondibile e un artigiano del coltello, dove ogni lama è un racconto di tradizione e innovazione. Questa sinfonia di abilità non solo definisce la mia identità professionale, ma dipinge il ritratto di un individuo che nella diversità trova la sua unica e inconfondibile voce e visione. Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport! Andrea


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