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Words used in Filipino martial arts

Words used in Filipino martial arts

Words used in Filipino martial arts.

This list is made as precise as possible but consider that there may be several differences in terminology due to the large number of dialects present in the Philippines,as well as the number of FMA systems that exist today.

Most of these terms are universal in the Philippine arts, while others can only be found in some FMA systems.

Words used in Filipino martial arts Fighting Tips - Street Fight Mentality & Fight Sport

Words used in Filipino martial arts:

Letter A

  • Abang….. to wait defensively
  • Abanico…… fans; also spelled “abaniko”
  • Abanico sa Itaas….. upper flywheel
  • Abecedario…..”ABC’s”; the basics
  • Abierta….. open position
  • Agaw….. to grab, seize, disarm or take away
  • Agaw-Sandata….. disarming & retrieval of the weapon
  • Aldabis….. diagonal cut, strike or uppercut
  • Alpabeto….. alphabet; the basics
  • Anim….. six, New10
  • Yearly….. Shadow
  • Antas….. level or degree
  • Antaw….. long range
  • Apat….. four, New10
  • Araw….. sun or day
  • Arnis….. harness; northern philippine martial art
  • Arnisador….. stick fighter
  • Arnis de Mano…..”Armor of the Hand”; System
  • Atras….. retreat or backward
  • Avante….. Forward

 

Lettara B

  • Babag….. “I’m not going to go trouble
  • Bago….. new or before
  • Bagong-Pasok….. entry level student
  • Bagsak….. to drop; overhead strike with down weighing
  • Baguhan….. beginner
  • Bahi….. a Philipine hardwood used for sticks
  • Baitang….. level or stages
  • Bakbakan….. a rumble or free-for-all fight
  • Balaraw…….. dagger
  • Baligtad….. reverse or inside out
  • Bali….. Break
  • Balik….. return or retreat
  • Balisong…..”butterfly knife”
  • Balitok….. Tumble
  • Banatan….. full-contact fighting
  • Bansay-bansay….. training or drills
  • Bantay….. guard or watch
  • Bantay-Kamay….. support or “alive” hand
  • Coffin-bara….. wild or formless technique
  • Baraw….. dagger
  • Bartikal….. vertical cut/strike
  • Basag….. Broken
  • Baston….. Stick
  • Bati-Bati….. using the butt of the stick
  • Batikan….. noteworthy; certified expert
  • Baywang….. the hip
  • Bigay….. to give
  • Bigay-bali….. lock release technique
  • Bigay-galang….. Salutation
  • Bihasa….. Expert
  • Binahagi….. cut into parts
  • Binali….. break or reverse
  • Bisig….. the arm
  • Bothan….. Martial Arts School
  • Braso….. the arm
  • Buah…..combination of footwork and form; application of technique
  • Buhat….. from or lift
  • Buhat Araw….. an overhead strike
  • Bukas….. open position
  • Buklis….. upward figures 8
  • Bulusok….. powerful overhead or diagonal strike
  • Buno….. takedown or throws
  • Bunot….. to draw a sword; to pluck out
  • Bunot Kaluban….. an upward slash followed by a downward slash; a drawing and slashing technique

 

Letter C

  • Caballero…. techniques from Grandmaster Caballero
  • Carera….. cycling movement or spin
  • Cadena de Mano….. chain of hands
  • Center….. Center
  • Baston Center….. holding the stick in the middle
  • Cerrada….. close; closed fighting position
  • Cinco….. five, New10
  • Cinco Teros…..”5 strikes”
  • Contra….. Counter
  • Contrada….. opposite or counter
  • Short….. close range
  • Cruzada….. cross-block and strike
  • Crossada….. to cross
  • Cuatro….. four, New10

 

Letter D

  • Dagger….. dagger or short stick
  • Dakop…. to catch
  • Dakot….. to scoop
  • Dalawa….. two, New10
  • Dalawampu….. twenty, new
  • Dalawampu’t Isa….. twenty-one
  • Dalawang….. Double
  • Dakip….. Capture
  • Dakip-Diwa….. mind-set
  • Damdam….. feel or sensitivity
  • Damdam-Diwa….. sensitivity; being aware
  • de Cadena…..”the chain”
  • de Cuerdas…..”to chord”; System
  • Decaying….. stationary
  • Delikado….. Dangerous
  • Depensa….. “I think it’s a good person taking defensive role in training
  • Dib-dib….. the chest
  • Diin….. to put pressure on
  • Dikitan….. very close or close quarters
  • Diwa….. Mind
  • Djuru….. form property
  • Doble….. Double
  • Doble Baston….. double stick training
  • Doblete….. double or repeat
  • Doce Pares…..”12 pairs or 12 strikes”; System
  • Dos….. two, New10
  • Dos Labahas….. two blades
  • Dos Manos….. two hands
  • Dos Manos Largos….. two hands with long stick
  • Dukop….. to catch
  • Dukot….. to snatch or seize unexpectedly
  • Dukot….. to reach out
  • Dulo….. the tip of the stick
  • Dumog….. filipino grappling art
  • Dungab….. to strike with the fist
  • Dungab…..”heaven” or “hammer” grip
  • Duslak….. thrust, New10

 

Letter E

  • Elastic..”rubber band art”; System
  • Enganyo….. fake or feint
  • Entrada….. entry
  • Equis…..”X” or “X” shaped strike
  • Eskrima…..”skirmish”; filipino martial art
  • Eskrimador….. stick fighter
  • Espada….. sword or long stick
  • Espada y Daga….. sword & dagger or long & short stick
  • Estrilla….. Star

 

Letter F

  • No terms found.

 

Letter G

  • Galang….. respect
  • Galing….. skillfull
  • Gantihan….. exchange of blows
  • Garote….. stick; usually flat to simulate a blade
  • Garote’ng….. itak flat stick
  • Gitna….. Center
  • Gunting…..”scissors” or passing block with a limb destruction
  • Guro….. teacher

 

Letter H

  • Habang….. while; in the meantime
  • Hagad-Hubad….. strikes & counters
  • Hagis….. to throw; a throwing technique
  • Hagibis…… whirlwind; throwing & grappling techniques
  • Hakbang….. to step; Footwork
  • Hakbang-Paiwas….. full side step/step to avoid strike
  • Halo-Halo…..combination; free flow sparring
  • Hanay….. row or line
  • Han-ay….. form property
  • Handa…..”Get ready!”
  • Hapos….. strike or slash
  • Hapsanay….. free sparring
  • Hatak….. to pull
  • Hataw….. a full power strike
  • Hawak….. to hold
  • Hawak-Gitna….. holding the stick in the middle
  • Hawak-Pakal….. reverse or ice-pick grip
  • Hawak-Punyo….. regular hold on weapon with punyo
  • Hawak-Sagad….. regular grip with no punyo
  • Hawak-Saksak….. regular or hammer grip
  • Hawak-Sandata….. methods of holding a weapon
  • Hawak-Susi….. reverse grip; holding at tip of stick
  • Higot….. to tie
  • Hindi….. no or negative
  • Hintay….. wait or pause
  • Hiwa….. to slash or cut
  • Hubad….. to untie or undress; name of a flow drill
  • Hulagpos….. to escape from capture or restraint

 

Letter I

  • Ibaba….. down or below
  • Ibabaw….. above or on-top
  • Ikot….. turn or about-face
  • Ikot-Hantaw….. spinning strike
  • Ilag….. to escape
  • Ilalim….. under or underneath
  • The same age….. techniques from Grandmaster Anotio Ilustrisimo
  • Insayo’ng….. training
  • Ipit….. to lock, trap or jam
  • Ipit-Hagis….. a sacrifice throwing technique
  • Isang….. Single
  • Itaas….. above, upper or to the front
  • Itak….. long sword or bolo
  • Isa….. one
  • Isa-pa……. ounces more; again; one more time
  • Iwas….. to avoid, dodge or duck

 

Letter J

  • Juego Todo….. anything goes or free-for-all fight

 

Letter K

  • Kaayusan….. order or organization
  • Kabakas….. partner or assistant
  • Kadena….. chain or series of movements
  • Kadyot….. a shallow, snap thrust
  • Kalahati….. half
  • Kalas….. disengage, release or disarm
  • Kalas-Sandata….. disarming technique
  • Kalasag….. to shield
  • Kali….. a southern Philippine martial art
  • Kalis….. Oldest of the Philippino style kris swords; wavey back half, straight front half
  • Kaliwa….. left side
  • Kamagoong….. Philipine Iron Wood
  • Kamay….. the hand
  • Kamayan….. empty-hand training
  • Kamot….. to punch; hand
  • Kanan….. right side
  • Kapatid….. brother, New10
  • Kasa….. to cock or chamber; to accept a challenge
  • Kasama…..companion/friends
  • Karunungan….. Knowledge
  • Katapatan….. Loyalty
  • Katawan….. body or torso
  • Katipunan…..organization, association or brotherhood
  • Kenkoy….. derogatory term used for unrealistic or impractical styles of fighting
  • Kilat…..”Lightning Blow”
  • Kilos…. movement
  • Kilos-Paa….. Footwork
  • Kina-Iya….. natural
  • Kris….. serpentine blade knife or sword
  • Kunsi….. grappling techniques
  • Kuntao..”fist way”; System

 

Letter L

  • Labaha….. Blade
  • Labahas….. Blades
  • Laban….. to fight
  • Laban-Handa….. ready-stance
  • Laban-Laro…..combat drills or “play fights”
  • Labanang….. to fight
  • Labanang-Dikitan….. close quarters combat
  • Labanang-Malapitan….. medium range combat
  • Labanang-Malayuan….. long range combat
  • Laban-Paluan….. free-fighting
  • Laban-Sanay…..combat-skills training
  • Labas….. the outside
  • Labing-Isa….. Eleven
  • Labo-labo….. anything-goes fight
  • The Contra….. to meet a strike
  • Lakan….. an instructor rank equivalent to black belt
  • Langka….. Footwork
  • Lansi….. to confused or misdirect
  • Lansing-Tadyak….. spinning thrust kick
  • Lansing-Sikad….. spinning snap kick
  • Wide….. Long
  • Wide Hand….. long range
  • Largos….. Long
  • Laro….. to play
  • Laro-laro….. give and take drills or training
  • Larong….. to play
  • The Follow-up….. to follow a strike
  • Laslas….. to cut to shreds
  • Lastiko….. a style of arnis that emphasizes bobbing & weaving toavoid strikes
  • Lengua de Fuego….. a fast series of thrust & slash techniques
  • Lihim….. Secret
  • Lihis….. to the side or side-step
  • Likos….. Twirl
  • Lima….. five, New10
  • Liyad….. to lean away
  • Lock & Block….. training drill from Serrada Eskrima
  • Loob….. the inside
  • Lubud….. to blend
  • Luma….. Old
  • Lusob….. attack or partner taking offensive role in the training
  • Lutangto….. float; the unique forward and backward footwork of the Ilustrisimo system

 

Letter M

  • Mabilis….. fast or speedy
  • Magaling….. highly skilled
  • Magisa….. Alone
  • Mag-Olisi….. one who practices stick-fighting
  • Magulang….. parents; shrewd or sly
  • Mahina….. weak or of poor skills
  • Maharlika….. noble or nobility
  • Mahusay….. skillful
  • Malakas….. strong, powerful or influential
  • Malapitan….. near or close
  • Malayuan….. far or distant
  • Mandirigma….. warrior
  • Hand….. hand
  • Hand y Hand….. hand to hand
  • Marami….. many or numerous
  • Maraming Salamat Po…..”Many thanks”
  • Marunong….. knowledgeable property
  • Masipag….. earnest or hard working
  • Masugid….. dedicated or loyal
  • Matibay….. strong, durable or lasting
  • Matira….. to be left or to be the last
  • Matira Matibay….. Survival of the Fittest
  • Matulis….. sharply pointed; a style of bolo
  • Mayto….. have
  • May-Alam….. to posses the seeds of knowledge
  • Average….. medium range
  • Meteoric….. meteoric strike from Grandmaster Caballero
  • Mukha….. the face
  • Mules….. again or one more time

 

Letter N

  • Nakahanda….. ready
  • Naka-Upo….. seated property
  • Nakaw….. to steal
  • Ng….. of

 

Letter O

  • Olysis….. Stick
  • Olisi-hay….. sparring with sticks
  • Opo….. respectful form of saying “yes”
  • Oracion….. a prayer for protection
  • Ordabis….. backhand strike

 

Letter P

  • Paa….. foot, New10
  • Paayon….. going with the force
  • Paawas….. to parry
  • Pababa….. downward
  • Pag-Galang….. salutation or show of respect
  • Pagsasanay….. training
  • Pagsilang….. birth or sunrise
  • Pagsisisi….. atonement or suddenance
  • Pahimsug….. exercises or calisthenics
  • Pahisa….. a slashing motion
  • Paikot….. rotate method
  • Paikot….. circular strike
  • Paiwas….. to avoid
  • Pakal…..”ice pick” grip
  • Palad….. palm of the hand
  • Palakas….. strengthening
  • Palakas-Pulso….. wrist-strengthening exercises
  • Palis….. sweep or sweeping parry
  • Palis-Patid….. a sweeping throw
  • Palisut….. to scoop
  • Palisut-sut….. skipping strike
  • Palit….. change or exchange
  • Palit-Kamay….. change or exchange grip
  • Palitan….. alternating
  • Pole….. to strike
  • Paluan….. exchange of strikes
  • Palusut….. to pass through; technique of evading and passing through
  • Pama-a….. Footwork
  • Panabas….. ax style weapon
  • Pananandata….. study of the weapons of the Philippines
  • Panastas….. to slash
  • Panata….. a devotion
  • Pangamot….. empty-hand defense
  • Pangandam….. on-guard or ready position
  • Pang-Ikyas evasion or dodge
  • Pangilog….. disarming
  • Pang-Olisi….. stick fighting
  • Pang-Ubot….. hold or grip
  • Panibago….. new or a revival
  • Pani-il….. Footwork
  • Panimban….. Balance
  • Panipis….. to skim or cut thinly
  • Panukad….. fighting stance
  • Parusa….. punishment
  • Pasada de Contra….. pass and hit
  • Pasok….. to enter, inside or on target
  • Pasulong….. Forward
  • Pasungkit….. to thrust upward
  • Pataas….. upward
  • Patalim….. dagger or blade weapon
  • Patalon….. jumping or multi-level strikes
  • Patibong….. to trap
  • Patid….. to trip
  • Patusok….. in a thrusting motion
  • Paulit-ulit….. repetitive
  • Pa-upo….. half side step/sitting down
  • Pauyon….. go-with-the force technique
  • Payong….. Umbrella
  • Payong knows Itaas….. upper umbrella block
  • Pekiti….. close range
  • Piga….. to squeeze or wring
  • Piglas….. to struggle or resist
  • Pikon….. one who is easily upset
  • Piktos….. a snap strike
  • Pilay….. sprain or dislocation; lame or crippled at the legs
  • Pinahandog….. diagonal strike
  • Pinatag….. horizontal strike
  • Pinasaka….. diagonal upward strike
  • Pinasaka Tuhod….. rising knee strike
  • Pinatindog….. vertical downward strike
  • Pingga….. a long staff fighting system
  • Pinid….. closed position property
  • Pintok….. a wrist snap strike
  • Pinuti….. long Visayan sword
  • Pito….. seven, New10
  • Planchada….. a horizontal strike
  • Plansada….. horizontal cut/strike
  • Pluma….. pen
  • Po….. a suffix denoting respect
  • Prakcion….. to react faster than the opponent
  • Pukpok….. to hammer or pummel
  • Pulse….. pulse or wrist
  • Puluhan….. handle or butt
  • Punong Guro….. head teacher & founder of system
  • Punyo….. butt of stick or any weapon

 

Letter Q

  • No terms found.

 

Letter R

  • Redonda….. continuous double stick technique
  • Redondo….. circular power strike
  • Retirada….. to retreat
  • Breaker….. an upward and downward slash
  • Ronda….. circular movement of the hands or weapon
  • Ropillon….. a double stick technique or movement

 

Letter S

  • Know….. to or of
  • Sabayan….. Simultaneous; Simultaneous; to attack or counter at the same time
  • Sablay….. Incomplete or imperfect; a low right to left horizontal….. Blow
  • Saboy….. to throw or scatter; an upward right to left diagonal strike
  • Sadang….. reverse position
  • Sagang….. defense, new
  • Sagasa….. to charge or to overrun
  • Sakay….. to ride or go with the force
  • Sakay-Salag….. eskrima sticky hands; to follow the motion of the blocked/ checked weapon or attack
  • Sakong….. heel
  • Sakong-Palad….. palm-heel
  • Saksak….. to thrust
  • Sasak Hatak….. a technique using fast withdrawal and twisting of the weapon to inflict a cut on the opponents checking or blocking hand
  • Salag….. block or parry
  • Salagba….. downward block
  • Salagbas….. outside dodging and parrying
  • Salag-Bisig….. forearm block
  • Salagsok….. inside dodging and parrying
  • Salagtas….. upward block
  • Salakay….. to charge or attack
  • Salamat….. to thank
  • Salamin….. mirror or reaction drill
  • Salisi….. opposing or opposite direction
  • Salok….. an upward strike with the edge or point
  • Saltik….. a snap strike
  • Salubong….. to meet head-on
  • Sama….. to join or go with
  • Sambut…..combination of footwork & form; application of technique
  • Sampu….. ten, New10
  • Sanay….. training or exposure
  • Sandata….. weapon
  • Sangga….. to block
  • Saplet….. quick disarm
  • Sawali….. interwoven slats of wood use for walls
  • Serada….. closed property
  • Serrada….. close quarters or “closing”
  • Sibat….. staff
  • Sibog….. retreat or backward
  • Sikad….. side kick
  • Sikad-Gilid….. side snap kick
  • Sikad-Hataw….. snap roundhouse kick
  • Sikad-Sungkite….. snap hook kick
  • Sikad-Tusok…….. front snap kick
  • Sikaran….. a Philippine martial art emphasizing kicking skills
  • Siklod….. to kiss the hand of an elder; a wrist lock
  • Siklod Bangga….. a wrist lock that uses the shoulder as a leverage point
  • Sikmura….. solar plexus
  • Siko….. the elbow
  • Sikot….. push kick
  • Sikwat….. to pry; an upward strike with the punyo
  • Sikwat-Siko….. a come-along lock with the elbow as the primary lock or center of pressure
  • Silat….. to outmaneuver or overpower; an Indonesian martial art
  • Silak….. open-hand system used against a blade (Sayoc Kali)
  • Sinawalli….. to weave; a continuous double stick technique
  • Sinigurato….. make doubly sure; a follow-up trapping or jamming technique (Lameco Eskrima)
  • Sipa….. to kick; also a game
  • Sipalit….. a training drill for alternating kicks
  • Sipang-Hataw….. roundhouse kick
  • Siyam….. nine
  • Sogo….. finger-tip thrust
  • Only….. Single
  • Songab….. finger jab
  • Songkiti….. a hooking movement used to parry or thrust
  • Suklian….. an exchange of strikes
  • Suko….. to surrender or give-up
  • Sulod….. to enter
  • Sulong….. to go forward or go ahead
  • Suliwa….. pass or deflect
  • Sumbalik….. Counter
  • Sumbrada….. upper umbrella block; name of a flow drill
  • Sumpa….. a vow or oath
  • Sungkite….. a technique that emphasizes thrusts
  • Sundot….. a jab or quick thrust
  • Suntok….. to punch
  • Suplete….. quick disarm
  • Suwag….. head-butt
  • Suyop….. a go with the force technique

 

Letter T

  • Tabas Talahib….. a horizontal strike
  • Tabak-Toyok….. Nunchaku
  • Tadtad….. full of or multiples of
  • Tadyak….. thrust kick
  • Tadyak-Gilid….. side thrust kick
  • Tadyak-Sakong….. back thrust kick
  • Tadyak-Tusok….. front thrust kick
  • Taga….. to strike or cut
  • Tagang Alanganin….. an outwards horizontal strike aimed at the upper torso region
  • Tagang Buhat Araw….. an overhead strike aimed at the top of the head
  • Tagang Pasumala….. primarily a parry, a sweeping upward diagonal strike used to deflect a weapon
  • Tagang San Miguel….. a diagonal downward and inward strike aimed at the upper torso
  • Tagapagsanay….. trainer or assistant instructor
  • Tagapagturo….. senior assistant instructor
  • Tala….. Star
  • Talang Bartikal….. vertical block
  • Talas….. sharp or to sharpen
  • Talas Damdam….. sensitivity training
  • Tapa….. to step on the foot
  • Tapi….. to parry or deflect
  • Tapik….. to nudge, defelct or parry
  • Tapi-on….. to block, parry, defelct or check
  • Tapi-Tapi….. checking; a series of parries & blocks
  • Tapos….. finished or the end
  • Tatlo….. three
  • Tatlumpu….. thirty, new
  • Tatlumpu’t Isa….. thirty one
  • Tatsulok….. triangle
  • Taub….. facing downwards
  • Tayo….. Stance
  • Teka….. wait, stop or pause
  • Tiempo….. timing
  • Tigil….. stop or cease
  • Tigpas….. a horizontal strike directed at the knees
  • Tihaya….. facing upward
  • Tiniklink….. footwork drill
  • Tisod….. to stumble
  • Totsada….. to thrust
  • Totsar….. to thrust
  • Trancada….. to lock or locks
  • Tuhod….. the knee
  • Tulisan….. the knife-fighting art of Kali Illustrisimo
  • Tuloy-tuloy….. continuous
  • Tunga-tunga….. medium range
  • Your….. to the right
  • Tusok….. to thrust
  • Tuyok….. cycling movement or to spin

 

Letter U

  • Ulo….. the head
  • Upo….. Seat

 

Letter V

  • No terms found.

 

Letter W

  • Wala….. to the left; nothing; Lost
  • Walis….. to sweep
  • Walo….. eight
  • Warwok….. a weapon hand capture that rebounds the weapon into the attackers body
  • Witik….. wrist snap strike

 

Letter X

  • No terms found.

 

Letter Y

  • Yabag….. the sound of footsteps
  • Yabang….. show-off
  • Yakap….. hug, hold, embrace or clinch
  • Yantoc….. rattan stick
  • Yukbo….. Salutation
  • Yuko….. to duck or bow

 

Letter Z

  • No terms found.

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Written by Andrea

Instructor and enthusiast of Self Defence and Fight Sport.

# Boxing / Muay Thai / Brazilian Jiu Jitsu / Grappling / CSW / MMA / Method & Training.
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